Spain automobile: Automotive Industry in Spain

Automotive Industry in Spain




“Spain is the 2nd largest automaker in Europe and the 9

th largest in the world”

Automotive industry is a strategic sector for the Spanish economy.

9 multinational brands with 17 plants are established in the country. Spanish plants manufactured 2.1 million vehicles in 2021, including 16 electrified models.

The Spanish automotive industry turnover represents 10% of Spain’s GDP and 18% of total exports. (including vehicles and auto-parts). External trade surplus of vehicles reached €18.9bn in 2021.

The industry generates 9% of total employment, nearly 2 million jobs are linked to this industry, and of those, 300,000 are direct jobs in the assembly plants and 201,450 directly employed in the auto-parts industry.

The automotive industry invests on average an estimated €4 bn a year in expanding and modernizing plants, being one of the largest investors in R&D&I of the economy. Besides spanish automotive industry is one of the most attractive sectors for foreign investors. Spain was the second preferred destination in Europe for new greenfield projects of multinational companies in the last five years. (by capital expenditure data fdi markets)

86% of the vehicles and 60% of the auto-parts manufactured in Spain were exported worldwide in 2021. A total of 1,820,727 Made in Spain vehicles were exported. EU was the main destination, but with increasing exports to markets outside EU . Africa, primarily Algeria, Morocco and South Africa, USA, Mexico and Chile, Japan and UAE are relevant markets for made in Spain vehicles.

Spain is a competitive location for new projects in the automotive and mobility industry. Among its competitive advantages: solid automotive industry ecosystem, productive and flexible plants, leading international position and market access, availability of highly qualified and competitive human resources, complete supply chain and high investment in innovation.

Spanish Association of Automobile and truck manufacturers ANFAC annual report 2021
SERNAUTO – Spanish Association of Automotive Suppliers. Equipment and component sector in Spain 

What are the best

investment opportunities?

The automotive industry is facing the challenge of digital transformation, the automation of its plants, the digitization of the process and use of technologies such as big data and additive manufacturing. These new manufacturing technologies will shape the industry of the future and be a key factor in the industry’s competitiveness.

The use of lightweight materials to reduce the weight of a vehicle and hence greenhouse gas emissions, requires the introduction of new technologies by spare parts suppliers to provide lighter materials with new features.

This comprises the use of recyclable or recycled materials in the manufacture of automobiles to comply with European regulation that requires the reuse and recycle of 95% of the vehicle weight.

This opportunity involves all agents in the sector: on the one hand, spare parts manufacturers and the assembly industry should prioritize the use of recyclable materials and invest in R&D to promote recycling their materials; and on the other hand, the industry’s maintenance services, or auto salvage yards, should increase their capacities and resources.

The introduction of electrical energy as a means of propulsion is an option for sustainable mobility. The development of new propulsion systems is generating important challenges and opportunities in the automobile spare parts industry. 

Manufacturers will have to supply electrical propulsion systems, including electrical engines and power electronics, batteries, and energy recovery devices for brakes. 

The new marketing models offered by ICTs are an opportunity for all agents involved in the process of selling a vehicle. It allows them to capture and attract customers through more innovative models and can also serve as a channel to engage and communicate with the customer, favoring a post-sales relationship.

Connected cars allow data to be transferred via the Internet by means of an integrated communications module or other devices such as smartphones. Services for smart car users are related to road safety (eCall, vehicle theft alert, geolocation and speed control), infotainment (internal Wi-Fi networks, multimedia content streaming, connection to social networks), traffic efficiency (available parking places, better fuel prices, real-time traffic), reduction in costs (monitoring dangerous behaviors, computerized dealings with insurance companies) and interactivity with the system (call center with the manufacturer, remote control, parking meter payment). This shift in trend is an opportunity for the sector’s entire spare parts industry, which can increase its market share and its product range.

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Source: SERNAUTO • Ministry of Industry, Trade and Tourism – Spanish subcontracting network


of automotive components (% of companies)

Source: SERNAUTO • Ministry of Industry, Trade and Tourism – Spanish subcontracting network

> 30%

> 15%

> 5%

< 5%

23 April 2021


José Manuel Moreno Casas
manager of Brahm Precision Products Corporation Spain

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EBAN Annual Congress 2023






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strategic and undergoing a transformation



Tags A – Z

Motor vehicles, a strategic sector

With almost 2.27 million vehicles manufactured in 2020, Spain is the second largest producer in Europe, after Germany, and the eighth largest in the world. At a European level, it is the leading manufacturer of commercial vehicles, the second for passenger cars and fourth in terms of components. If we compare the relative weight of the sector, in terms of GVA or exports, with that of the main producing countries in the euro area, Spain is at similar levels to France and Italy but far from the German giant. Far ahead are the Eastern European countries that have most recently joined the euro, such as the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary, which are more specialised in producing vehicles thanks partly to the plants of large corporate groups being located in their countries, attracted by their skilled workforce, low labour costs and a long industrial tradition (some companies in the region, such as Skoda and Tatra, date back to the end of the 19th century).

Major vehicle manufacturers

Last actualization: 14 July 2021 – 10:34

Relative weight of automotive GVA in European countries

Last actualization: 14 July 2021 – 10:36

The automotive sector plays an important role in Spain’s economy as a whole:

its contribution amounts to 11% of GDP if all activities related to the sector are included.

In Spain, the manufacture of motor vehicles and other transport material23
contributes 12.7% of GVA and 10.5% of manufacturing jobs, making it the second manufacturing activity after the agrifood sector (18.8% of manufacturing GVA). In addition to its direct contribution to the economy, the automotive sector also stands out for its extensive network of relationships with other activities and its knock-on effect, both economically and technologically. According to data provided by the employers’ association ANFAC (National Association of Automobile and Truck Manufacturers), referring to 2019, the share of vehicle and component manufacturing amounts to 8. 5% of GDP. If, in addition, we add the activities that are complementary to manufacturing (distribution and marketing, after-sales, financial services and insurance, transportation, service stations, rental and driving schools), the figure exceeds 11% of GDP. In terms of employment, this would reach 9% of workers (1.8 million), of which 66,000 are employed by carmakers (direct employment).

From the input-output tables24
it can be seen that, beyond the intense intra-sectoral relations (37% of inputs and 18.7% of jobs begin and end in the sector itself), the sector also generates considerable demand for other sectors of activity (knock-on effect). In particular, intermediate consumption includes metal products (10.3% of the total), metallurgy (7.2%) and trade, both wholesale and retail (7.1% and 5.0%, respectively).

  • 23. Data from the National Accounting System 2018. The automotive industry includes the NACE codes 29 and 30.
  • 24. The input-output tables provide information both on the intermediate consumption required to manufacture each product and on the final destination of the product in question, whether it be end consumption, investment or exports.

The innovation and automation of production plants

are key to the success of a such an export-oriented sector.

The automotive sector has one of the highest rates of investment in modernisation, automation and R&D&I of all industrial sectors. Spanish production plants are among the most efficient and automated in Europe, with 1,000 industrial robots for every 10,000 employees, a figure comparable to the 1,311 robots in German plants.25
Special mention should be made of the auxiliary industry (components, machinery, materials, etc.), which is highly competitive, innovative26
and internationally renowned, manufactures a wide range of products and contributes more than 75% of the value of the vehicle. All this places the Spanish automotive industry among the most competitive in Europe: according to the KPMG index, it ranks third, behind only Germany and the United Kingdom.27

This is a strongly export-oriented sector: more than 80% of the vehicles manufactured in Spain are for export (in 2020 this figure reached 86%, very close to the record high of 2011). The propensity to export in the components segment is somewhat lower but still considerable (slightly less than 60% is exported). Exports by the automotive sector (NACE 29 and 30) totalled just over 52 billion euros in 2020, representing 19.9% of all goods exports (3.5% of GDP), far from the figures achieved at the end of the last century (28% of all goods exports) due to the greater diversification of the range of goods exported by the Spanish economy. Exports from the sector reach more than a hundred countries, although around 80% of sales go to the EU, mainly finished vehicles, while non-EU countries buy mostly components.

  • 25. Data for Spain from ICEX (2019) and data for Germany from the International Federation of Robotics (2019).
  • 26. It allocates more than 4% of its turnover to innovative activities, well above the national average (1.1%).
  • 27. Agenda Sectorial de la Industria de Automoción, 2017.

Automotive exports

Last actualization: 14 July 2021 – 10:37

Only one in four of the vehicles sold in Spain has been manufactured in the country. The rest are imported from European countries such as Germany (25% of the total in 2020), France (12.3%) and the United Kingdom (6.4%), but also from Japan (7.3%) and Korea (4.4%). All in all, the balance of trade for the automotive sector is clearly favourable to the Spanish economy and, in spite of an international context marked by a slump in goods trade, the sector’s surplus grew by 21.5% in 2020 to 12.86 billion euros, 1.1% of GDP.

The sector has 17 vehicle manufacturing plants belonging to the world’s leading automotive brands (nine of them for passenger cars and SUVs, including the closure of the Nissan plant last December), along with over 1,000 equipment and component manufacturers belonging to more than 700 corporate groups. The manufacturing plants are located in 10 different autonomous regions, so the sector is well established in the industrial fabric throughout the country. In recent years, the sector has become more concentrated, with the top five brands (Seat, Volkswagen, Peugeot, Toyota and Renault) now accounting for 37% of registrations and the top ten (Kia, Hyundai, Citroën, Mercedes and Dacia), 62. 6%.

Impact of the COVID-19 crisis on the automotive sector

In 2020, the historic pandemic crisis dealt a severe blow to the automotive sector which was one of the hardest hit initially, first by global supply chain problems and then by restrictions on non-essential businesses. However, its capacity to recover, after the total stoppage in activity and demand, was greater than in other sectors.

Indicators for the automotive industry

Last actualization: 14 July 2021 – 10:37

The crisis aggravated a situation that was already delicate due to the effects of the new environmental regulations promoted at a European level. The sector’s activity grew by a mere 0.1% in 2019 as a whole, a very slight improvement after falling by more than 1.0% in both 2017 and 2018.

The declaration of a state of emergency in mid-March 2020 brought the automotive industry to a complete standstill for about a month and a half. At the same time, the commercial network and dealerships were also closed; i. e. the capacity to meet the demand for vehicles was non-existent, with severe restrictions on movement and potential consumers confined to their homes, not to mention the uncertainty of the economic scenario in the short term. Consequently, all the indicators, for supply, demand and employment, deteriorated sharply in the first few months and then, with the easing of restrictions and consequent reopening of industry from May onwards, rebounded with some intensity, although the recovery at the end of 2020 was still incomplete.

Vehicles produced

Last actualization: 14 July 2021 – 10:38

The sector’s production plummeted 99% year-on-year in April, hitting an all-time low. The subsequent reactivation, thanks mainly to foreign demand from European markets, allowed the figures posted in 2019 to be surpassed as of September. This did not prevent Spanish factories from closing the year with a reduction of 19.6%, producing a total of 2,268,185 vehicles, half a million units fewer than those manufactured the previous year. This is the lowest level of production in seven years and is 25% below the peak in 2000, when production exceeded three million. By segment, the manufacture of passenger cars, which represent 78.8% of the total, fell by 18.9%, while that of commercial and industrial vehicles fell by 18.6%; the sharpest fall corresponds to SUVs (–76.4%), although they account for just 9,094 units. In Q1 2021, vehicle production gradually picked up but very slowly (–13.3% compared to March 2019).

The industrial production index (IPI) shows that one of the activities hardest hit in 2020 was the manufacture of motor vehicles and other transport equipment, posting the largest decline since 2009 (-18.5%), being the industry that contributed most to the overall decrease in the IPI. In terms of turnover, the trend was similar: Despite a strong recovery in the final months of the year, even reaching double-digit growth rates, the collapse in the worst months of the crisis weighed down the year’s overall balance, resulting in a cumulative decline of 10. 4% in 2020. In March 2021, the sector’s turnover was still 6.2% below its March 2019 levels.

The automotive industry was hit hard by the pandemic.

Domestic demand plummeted and has yet to recover completely. In contrast, external demand proved to be more resilient.

Domestic demand proved to be the weakest part of the sector and has not yet managed to recover from the initial impact of the pandemic. Although passenger car registrations recorded a one-off improvement in the summer months, they remained 10% to 20% below 2019 levels for the rest of the year and ended 2020 with a sharp cumulative decline, down 32.3% to 851,215, the lowest since 2013.

Fuente: ANFAC.

On the other hand, external demand showed some resistance. Although vehicle registrations also declined throughout the main European markets, they performed somewhat better than the Spanish market, with smaller falls in France (–25.5%), Germany (–19.1%), Italy (–27.9%) and the United Kingdom (–29.4%). This was key to cushioning the decline in Spanish production and was an important factor in exports gradually returning to «normal» in the second half of the year. The automotive sector is not only one of the main export sectors but also one of those that led the recovery in export sales in the last few months of the year, along with the food sector. In any case, the annual balance was negative with a fall of 15.5%, totalling 1,951,448 units exported: 1,580,297 were passenger cars (–15.4%), 8,592 SUVs (–76.7%) and 362,559 commercial and industrial vehicles (–10.6%).28

  • 28. In monetary terms (customs), exports of NACE 29 and 30 categories posted positive figures as from the summer, although the year closed with a drop of 15.9%, weighed down by lower sales both of finished vehicles, fundamentally to Germany, Italy, Belgium and the United Kingdom, and of components, principally to Algeria, Germany and Portugal.

In 2020, the geographical concentration of the sector’s exports remained high: France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom were the main export destinations for Spanish vehicles, accounting for 64. 1% of the total; this is undoubtedly a risk factor should these markets weaken (e.g. as a result of Brexit) or the emergence of a shock. These markets were not immune to the COVID-19 crisis, so their demand for Spanish vehicles fell, in France (–9.1%), Germany (–19.6%), the United Kingdom (–26.1%) and Italy (–9.9%). On the other hand, the Turkish market performed well, with an extraordinary increase (+101.9%) that has placed it fifth in the ranking of export destinations.

Beyond the weakening of the main European destination markets, the truth is that, in recent years, a certain slowdown in vehicle exports had already been observed. This is due to several factors, including greater international competition and the low production of hybrid and electric models, which accounted for just 7% of exports in 2020.29

  • 29. The «demonisation» of diesel vehicles, which represent, in general, a very large part of the production of European manufacturers, is favouring Asian vehicles. In Spain, so far production has been slow to shift its focus towards less polluting vehicles and, moreover, such decisions need to be taken by the parent companies located in other countries.

Impact on employment

The closure of factories, with the consequent slump in production and sales, inevitably fed through to employment. Companies were forced to resort to furloughs, an instrument that made it possible to mitigate job losses: In May, almost 60,000 workers in the sector had been furloughed, accounting for 27% of workers registered with Social Security, well above the worst figure for the economy as a whole (19.2% in April), so that effective employment (registered workers minus furloughed) was almost 28% lower than a year earlier. Since then, we have seen a gradual return of workers to their jobs, although this upward trend was interrupted during the last few months of the year, coinciding with the third wave of the pandemic and the consequent tightening of restrictive measures: Last April (latest available data), effective employment was 6% lower than in the same month of 2019.

Effective employment

Last actualization: 14 July 2021 – 10:39

Companies registered with Social Security

Last actualization: 14 July 2021 – 10:39

In addition to the strong impact on employment,

the sector suffered extensive losses in terms of its business fabric.

Another effect of the crisis was the destruction of the business fabric, which in the automotive sector was greater than average: 409 companies30
were lost between February and December 2020 (–14.3% compared with –6.8% overall and –9.3% in the manufacturing sector), so that the year ended with a total of 2,448 companies, 14% less than a year earlier and the lowest figure in the series, which began in 2009.

The outlook for the sector in 2021 is marked by the slow recovery in activity, within an uncertain environment that encourages households to save as a precaution and companies to delay investment plans. In the short term, many potential buyers are postponing their decision to buy or are opting for second-hand models, which means the stock of vehicles continues to age (the average age has reached 13.2 years, according to data from the dealers’ association, Faconauto) and polluting emissions are not being reduced, an issue we address in the next section. Added to this is the rise in registration tax and the end of Spain’s RENOVE scrappage scheme, which complicated the recovery in 2021. All in all, a significant improvement is expected in the second half of the year, driven by the economic recovery, which will gain traction, improved consumer confidence and the new incentive scheme to promote efficient, sustainable mobility (MOVES).

  • 30. Companies registered under the General Regime of Social Security. As an essential prerequisite for starting a business, entrepreneurs must apply to the General Treasury of the Social Security to register with one of its «regimes», which determines how the workers they employ will be registered with Social Security.

Challenges facing the sector

Globally, the automotive sector is undergoing major changes and facing important strategic challenges (combating climate change, digitalisation, changes in mobility preferences, etc.), which are forcing it to transform. Given this context, companies are becoming more concentrated while new players are emerging who see a business opportunity in electric technology. In the case of Spain, it is crucial for our automotive industry to tackle these challenges to be able to maintain its privileged position in an increasingly competitive global market, while at the same time representing an opportunity to channel the European reconstruction funds of the NGEU, as we discuss below.

One of the factors affecting the sector’s performance is the necessary adaptation to the demanding decarbonisation targets set by the EU. In 2020, the industry was already tackling the entry into force of the new European emissions regulations CAFE (Corporate Average Fuel Emissions). In 2021, the targets set will apply to 95% of all vehicles registered by each group, excluding 5% of the most polluting cars, known as phase-in. However, as from 2021 the emissions of cars sold by each manufacturer must be below 95 grams of CO2 per kilometre travelled (80 grams in 2025, 65 in 2030 and 0 in 2040). If they do not comply, marques face fines totalling millions. Therefore, the transition from the internal combustion engine to electric and connected vehicles must move forward, and major manufacturers must decide where they will locate the production of new models in the coming years.

Spain is lagging behind

in terms of the penetration of e-vehicles and their charging infrastructure.

Although Spain’s production of e-vehicles (electric and plug-in hybrids) increased eightfold in 2020 to almost 140,000 units, their relative weight is still moderate (6.2% of the total). To fully develop electric vehicles, it is also necessary to lower the price of batteries, improve their storage capacity in order to extend vehicle autonomy and also expand the charging infrastructure (create what is called an e-mobility network). However, in terms of penetration of e-vehicles and their charging infrastructure, Spain brings up the rear in Europe. The country currently has around 8,500 charging points, making its ratio of charging points per inhabitant one of the lowest in Europe.

Electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles

The goals contained in Spain’s Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan (RTRP),31
recently submitted to the European Commission, are in line with the EU’s strategic agendas, particularly regarding the green transition, the Spain Industrial Policy 203032
and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. The RTRP includes significant advances in terms of ecological transition and digitalisation, the two areas on which the NGEU focuses. The environmental area accounts for most of the investments, highlighting those aimed at sustainable mobility (measures to advance in the decarbonisation of transport and a modal shift) and the development of electric vehicles (charging network and aid for their purchase), with more than 13. 2 billion euros.

  • 31. The RTRP covers 140 billion euros in transfers and loans from the NGEU funds until 2026.
  • 32. This includes a digitalisation plan for four strategic sectors, including the automotive, a plan to modernise and improve the sustainability of industry, a plan to boost «green» driver industries and digitalisation and a circular economy strategy.

The Spanish government will invest 13.2 billion euros of European funds in sustainable,

safe and connected mobility, including a plan to deploy a charging infrastructure and promote electric cars.

In order to streamline the management of funds, the RTRP includes a new form of public-private partnership, the so-called Strategic Projects for Economic Recovery and Transformation (PERTE). These are priority projects with a great capacity to boost economic growth, employment and competitiveness of the economy. Given the importance of the sector and the urgent need to speed up the technological transformation towards electric vehicles, the first PERTE presented was for the automotive sector: Future Fast Forward, an ambitious medium-term project (until 2030) which aims to achieve the production of a 100% Spanish connected electric vehicle.

The aim is for the project to receive the go-ahead from Brussels during the month of June, in order to start up by the end of the summer, and the first goal would be to manufacture 500,000 small electric cars in Martorell by 2025. In order for this commitment to be a success, the demand for e-vehicles must be boosted, implementation of the charging infrastructure must be speeded up and a battery plant must be set up. To meet Europe’s CO2 emission targets, there needs to be 30 million zero-emission vehicles on the road by 2030; in Spain, the production of e-vehicles would have to approach 1.5 million units.

On the other hand, last April the third edition was presented of the incentive scheme to promote efficient, sustainable mobility (MOVES), with an initial budget of 400 million euros until the end of 2023, which can be increased to at least 800 million euros. Also financed via NGEU funds, this reinforces direct aid for the purchase of electric vehicles, of up to 7,000 euros, and improves the aid provided for charging infrastructures for private individuals, home-owner communities and SMEs, as well as for fast and ultra-fast charging points. The Ministry for Ecological Transition estimates that this can contribute more than 2.9 billion euros to GDP and generate more than 40,000 jobs along the entire value chain.

Among the objectives of the recently approved Climate Change and Energy Transition Act33
is that passenger cars and light commercial vehicles should have zero direct emissions by 2050; to this end, the sale of new internal combustion vehicles, excluding those for commercial use, will be banned from 2040. In addition, in order to guarantee a sufficient charging infrastructure, among other measures it will be compulsory to install (i) from 2023, charging points at service stations with large sales volumes (power ratings equal to or greater than 150 kW in direct current [DC]) and in buildings, and (ii) from 2021, at least one charging point with a rating equal to or greater than 50 kWDC at all new fuel supply facilities.

The entire value chain within the framework of the sector’s digital transformation, with the aim of providing vehicles with increasing technology by incorporating AI and big data analysis to make production-related decisions. Recently, SERNAUTO, the association for component manufacturers, presented its Strategic Agenda 2025 which serves as a roadmap for recovery after the pandemic and industrial and technological transformation. In order to reduce the number of road deaths to zero by 2050 (Vision Zero Plan), from July 2022 the EU will require all new vehicles (cars, trucks, buses and vans) to incorporate nine advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) which, using a range of sensors and detection devices, will help to minimise the potential human errors that cause most accidents.34
Some of this equipment can also help to develop autonomous vehicles.

A change in consumer preferences must also be added to all the above. This, in a context of greater mobile connectivity and together with mobility limitations in large cities (implementation of low-emission zones aimed at reducing the emission of polluting gases into the atmosphere),35
helps to promote alternative transport models such as car sharing. 36
Certainly, the extension of this alternative could cause a substitution effect (according to estimates by industry experts, a shared car could take between 3 and 15 private cars out of circulation), which would lead to a reduction in the number of private cars in the medium term. However, it is to be expected that, in the short term, the demand for cars will increase due to the urgent need to renew an ageing and polluting stock of cars.

  • 33. The ultimate goal of this Act is to achieve «climate neutrality» by 2050: zero net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions/removals and a 100% renewable electricity system.
  • 34. The mandatory ADAS are: intelligent speed assistance (ISA), an event data recorder (black box), drowsiness and attention warning, alcohol interlock installation facilitation, emergency stop signal, reversing detection, tyre pressure monitors and lane keeping assist and advanced emergency braking systems (the last two for passenger cars and vans only). According to Spain’s Directorate-General for Traffic (DGT), the use of these systems reduces the risk of accident by 57%. Brussels estimates this will prevent 25,000 deaths and 140,000 serious injuries over the next 15 years.
  • 35. The RTRP includes the introduction of Low Emission Zones (LEZs), which the Climate Change Act already makes mandatory in cities with more than 50,000 inhabitants and cities with more than 20,000 inhabitants when they have pollution problems.
  • 36. This is an alternative to a privately owned individual car, allowing access to a fleet of vehicles located in the vicinity of the person’s home and paid according to the length of time and kilometres the vehicle is driven.



    Spanish cars are not only SEAT. Spain in Russian

    There is an opinion that the foundations of the Spanish car industry were laid by the Italians. In 1919, the FIAT concern opened its branch in the suburbs of Barcelona, ​​on the basis of which the Spanish Community of Touring Cars, known under the SEAT brand, was founded. And only a few people who are really knowledgeable in automotive matters know that the history of the automotive industry in the kingdom has more than a hundred years! At 19In 04, Hispano-Suiza was founded in Barcelona, ​​whose luxury products became the only genuine alternative to Rolls-Royce for many years.

    Today, there are 12 car assembly plants in Spain, which control 17 factories! Including factories of the world’s leading manufacturers: Nissan, Mercedes, General Motors, Renault, Volkswagen, Ford, Iveco, Peugeot, Citroen. 39 different models of cars and trucks are assembled on Spanish conveyors. In total, the country supplies the market with almost 3 million Spanish cars, most of which are exported.

    Spanish car brands

    1. Cars made in Spain SEAT

    The most famous Spanish car brand is SEAT, the first car came off the assembly line of the Martorell plant in 1953. Until the early 1980s, the company successfully cooperated with FIAT, and then it was almost completely bought out by the Volkswagen concern. Today, Spanish SEAT cars are part of the Audi Brand Group. The group produces more than 400,000 Spanish cars a year.

    SEAT marketers use the tourist attraction of Spain to promote their cars on the international market. For example, models are called as famous tourist places: Alhambra, Cordoba, Leon, Ibiza, Marbella. By the way, Seat Leon became the best-selling Spanish car in 2015. In just six months, a total of 19,545 cars of this model were sold. Seat Leon is valued for its extremely combative nature and ergonomics. Fast and sharp hatchback accelerates to 100 km / h in 7.5 seconds. But the fuel consumption of the Seat Leon is average, with a quiet ride – up to 10 liters per 100 km.

    Official website:

    2. Spanish cars Santana Motor

    The Spanish car brand Santana Motor is no less familiar to fishermen and rangers than SEAT. She appeared to the world in 1955 as a joint brainchild of Metalurgia de Santa Ana S.A. and Land Rover. After 28 years, the British withdrew from the shareholders of Santana Motor, and Suzuki became its new partner. So the Spaniards began to produce SUVs of the SJ series under a Japanese license. True, at 19Land Rover returned to Spain in 1999 and, together with Santana Motor, began producing the Santana Anibal SUV. It is exported under the Spanish brand Santana PS-10. This jeep is as simple and unpretentious as possible in operation. Inspired by a 125 hp engine. The PS-10 accelerates to 145 km/h and hits 100 km/h in 18.4 seconds. And this is the Spanish car Santana, which can pull 3.5 tons and climb a hill with a slope of 45 degrees!

    Official website:

    3. Spanish car brand ENASA

    As for large Spanish cars, here the face of the Spanish car industry is the company ENASA. Founded in 1951 from the bankrupt firm Hispano-Suiza, it intended to combine the production of trucks, buses and sports cars. But the racing line, having produced only 110 Spanish cars in 7 years, failed, and ENASA focused on heavy trucks. They were named Pegaso, after the mythical winged horse, whose appearance found its place on the brand’s logo. At 19In 90, ENASA was bought by the Italian industrial vehicle corporation Iveco, and the production of the entire previous range of Pegaso trucks and buses ceased. They were replaced by three new families of the Spanish Iveco-Pegaso car brand: Daily – light trucks and chassis for tourist minibuses, medium-class EuroCargo vehicles weighing from 6 to 15 tons and with a power of 116 to 177 hp, as well as EuroTrakker construction chassis.

    Official website:

    4. Spanish made Hurtan machines

    The Spanish car brand Hurtan from Granada is known to connoisseurs of vintage. Since 1991, the company has been producing handmade retro cars. Company founder Juan Hurtado González, inspired by the 1940s-1950s models, borrowed the engine from the Renault Clio and designed the body himself. The body is distinguished by wooden trim at the center console in the cabin, a steering wheel in the best traditions of English roadsters of the mid-20th century, the highest quality leather and a huge amount of chrome parts. Today, Hurtan produces Albaycin and Grand Albaycin models, priced from 150,000 euros. The sophisticated buyer is captivated by the silhouette of the car in the spirit of the works of Salvador Dali with a nostalgic admixture of the English Morgan and Jaguar 1950s.

    Official website:

    5. Spanish sports cars Tramontana

    There are currently two companies producing sports cars in Spain. The most famous of them is Tramontana (Spanish – cold north wind). It is located on the Costa Brava and has been operating since the mid-2000s. Tramontana creates unique and creative cars for those who are bored with Lamborghini and Ferrari. Tramontana urban sports car design combines the best of Formula 1 racing cars 1960s and combat fighters from the Second World War. The bi-turbo 12-cylinder engine develops 720 hp. and accelerates the car to the first “hundred” in 3.6 seconds, and the maximum speed of the car is 325 km/h. Assemble the supercar by hand. Decorated with expensive leather, wooden panels from Japan on special order, small details made of white and yellow gold. Despite the impressive price of the Spanish sports car brand – 610 thousand euros, the flow of customers from Tramontana does not dry out.

    Official website:

    6. Spanish sports cars Motor Spano

    Another racing brand in Spain is produced by GTA Motor Spano. The company from Valencia first announced itself at the Geneva Motor Show in 2011, and a year later brought a high-tech and exclusive sports car ready for mass production to Switzerland. He, like a shot, accelerates to 100 km / h in 2.9seconds and can reach speeds of over 350 km/h. Today GTA Spano is one of the five fastest cars on the planet. The Spanish sports car also has a practical side, the manufacturers have provided two trunks: 100 liters in the front of the body and 200 liters in the back. The cabin has a multimedia setup with a 7-inch LCD, sat-nav and Bluetooth for mobile devices. You can buy GTA Spano for 530 thousand euros.

    Official website:

    Car prices in Spain

    Car prices in Spain rose by a total of 3.5% in 2015. In the last quarter alone, the average cost of passenger vehicles sold in the Iberian Peninsula increased by 0.3%. As for trucks and buses, they have risen in price by 1.2% over the month. The cheapest of the ten best-selling Spanish cars in 2015 was Dacia Sandero (8430 euros), and the most expensive Spanish passenger car was Nissan Qashqai (16 900 euros). Between them, in ascending order of cost, are Spanish-made cars Volkswagen Polo (9,900 euros), Opel Corsa (11,461 euros), Seat Ibiza (11,500 euros), Renault Clio (13,200 euros), Seat Leon (13,900 euros), Citroen C4 (€14,380), Renault Megane (€15,500) and Volkswagen Golf (€16,600).

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