House gaudi barcelona: The 3 Houses of Gaudí in Barcelona

Casa Batlló, the house with the dragon’s back

Casa Batlló is one of the most interesting and fascinating buildings in Barcelona. The work of Antoni Gaudí can be seen in every detail of the building.

When designing, he oriented himself very closely to nature and the legend of Saint George, the patron saint of Catalonia. The organic and playful shapes make visitors feel as if they are in a light-flooded, colorful fairytale house. Let yourself be enchanted by this masterpiece of modernisme.

Tickets for the admission to Casa Batlló

You can choose what you want to see in Casa Batlló – or maybe just everything: the Beletage, an architectural splendor around 1900, where the family of the master of the house lived. The Gaudí Dome, a “wave of Gaudí’s inspiration: of nature”. Exciting audio guide accompanied by the music of the composer Dani Howard or the virtual reality tablet: immerse yourself in the magic of Gaudí.
From the legendary roof terrace you have a unique view of Barcelona. In the belly of the dragon – the roof truss – Gaudí masterfully knew how to evoke the “memories of nature”. New since 2019 is the access to the basement, designed by the Japanese architect Kengo Kuma.

Tickets for Casa Batlló: Premium Entrance & Batlló’s Private Room (Gold)

  • VIP entry to Casa Batlló and a special Smart Tour
  • Exclusive VIP access to Casa Batlló via the Gold Line
  • Audio guide (45-minute augmented reality guide) available in 15 languages
  • Exclusive access to the Batllós’ private room
  • Flexible booking and free cancellation
  • Vintage photoshoot
  • Gaudí Cube
  • Gaudí Dome
  • Tablet with virtual reality
  • Ticket also on the smartphone
  • Immediate ticket delivery

Info & booking

The construction of the building

A return to natural elements and forms is very typical of Modernisme, Catalan Art Nouveau. The gently curved balconies of Casa Batlló are reminiscent of the waves of the sea. The entire facade is also covered with flowers.

The mysterious Casa Batlló

Casa Batlló is a conversion of an existing building. It was completely modified in 1904-1906 by order of the industrialist Josep Batlló. Especially in the lower part, the Beletage, Gaudí’s handwriting is very clear. Shaped like bones from the outside, reminiscent of a forest from the inside, the pillars of the facade make an important contribution to the shape of the building.

As is typical for Gaudí, he took his inspiration from nature when designing the house. Inside, curved and organic shapes dominate the walls, ceilings and furnishings. The forms on the first floor of the residential building are reminiscent of plants and caves, the balcony parapets of skull bones. The chimneys on the roof do not serve as chimneys, but are part of a sophisticated ventilation system that keeps the house nice and cool even in summer without the need for air conditioning.

The roof of Casa Batlló – the dragon’s back

Shaped like the fearsome dragon’s back, Casa Battló’s roof is covered with large, shiny scales. It is made up of tiles on double mansards adapted to the organic architecture.

On the left the roof is delimited by a tower with a four-armed cross. With a bit of imagination you can spot the lance of Sant Jordi stuck in the monster’s back. Behind it are plastically formed ventilation shafts and chimneys, which are reminiscent of the guards of the house. In the window openings you can see pillars imitating the shapes of bones.

The roof area, as the upper end of the building, has always had a special significance for Gaudí. The roofscape of Casa Batlló offers you a great view over the city and is decorated with countless small details. For example, if you look from the terrace through the hole in the left part of the curved roof, you have a direct line of sight to the Sagrada Familia. Gaudí was already working on his masterpiece at the time of the renovation work.

With all the interpretations of the details of Casa Batlló, one should keep in mind: Antoni Gaudí himself never explained the house. So everyone is entitled to let their imagination run wild and come up with their own story.

Location and surroundings of Casa Batlló

Casa Batlló is located on one of the main axes of Modernisme. From about 1850 the demolition of the city walls of the Ciutat Vella began and a new modern district, the Eixample, was created. Passeig de Gràcia, which divides the district in two, became a promenade and the scene of the most magnificent architecture of the time.

The block of houses around Casa Batlló is also called the “Illa de la Discòrdia”, in English “Island of Discord”. At this point, the most important architects of Modernisme realized themselves and tried to trump each other. The result was a wide variety of buildings, which now form an ensemble on this house front.

Directly to the left of Casa Batlló is Casa Amatlló, also a splendid example of Modernisme. The building was designed by the Catalan architect Josep Puig i Cadafalch. With its clear facade inspired by the neo-Gothic style, it stands in clear contrast to Casa Batlló.

A little further down the street, on the corner of the block of flats, is Casa Lleó. This house was designed by the founder of modernism, Lluís Domènech i Montaner. It shows the mixture of different styles, inside and out.

The Saint George Legend

There are many stories and legends about Saint George or Sant Jordi, as he is called in Catalan. The best-known is about a terrible dragon that terrifies a small village. In order to appease the monster, the villagers must regularly offer him a human sacrifice, which is determined by lot.

One day the lot falls on the king’s daughter. This is led to the gates of the city and waits there to be devoured by the dragon. At that moment, Sant Jordi appears, confronts the dragon and defeats it. With his lance in the form of a cross, he deals the deathblow to the dragon and thus saves the princess. Red roses grow in the very spot where the ground is soaked in the dragon’s blood. Incidentally, this is also the origin of a tradition according to which women in Catalonia are given red roses on the day of Saint George – April 23rd.

Sant Jordi is the patron saint of Catalonia, so dragons have always played an important role in Gaudí.

The Casa Batlló in new splendor

In 2018 and 2019, Casa Milà was extensively restored – not an easy task, since five different materials with different requirements had to be processed: glass, ceramics, stone, wood and iron.

Visitors could watch the restoration team at work and ask questions. Much of the interior has been restored to its original state. Inside, the original interior panels were discovered, which were uncovered and restored.

Craftsmen restored some handicrafts inside: lamps, ceramics, carpentry.

The facade now shines in new splendour. More than 30 people with 7 different professions worked here to faithfully restore damaged parts from the Trencadis mosaic. Parts made of glass, ceramics, iron, wood and stone have been cleaned and partially renewed.

Visitors were able to view the work in transparent tunnels, and a skywalk on the roof offered a glimpse of the façade restorations at a dizzy height.


Information about the restoration work in Casa Batlló

Why a visit to Casa Batlló is worthwhile

Casa Batlló is one of the last houses Gaudí remodeled before devoting himself entirely to the construction of the Sagrada Familia.

In hardly any other building are the forms as organic and playful as in Casa Batlló. That makes the house unique. In 2005 it was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

The interior tour of Casa Batlló is particularly recommended. Here you can immerse yourself in the world of Gaudí and discover numerous fascinating details of the building from the ground floor to the impressive roof terrace. Many allusions and stories only become apparent after repeated viewing. For many, the house is one of the most beautiful sights in Barcelona.


3 Houses of Gaudí in One Ticket (+10% Discount Pass)

The 3 Houses of Gaudi: Casa Batllò, La Pedrera, and Palau Guell.

The 3 Houses of Gaudi don’t just serve to highlight the works of one architectural genius – they make up three of the top attractions in Barcelona. So when you’re visiting, these aren’t just suggestions – they’re three cultural can’t-misses that tell the tale of a city and the vivid imagination of an architectural mastermind.

Yes, booking all three can be a clumsy maze of clicks and credit cards, but now it doesn’t have to be.

We’ve got a new time-saving ticket that’ll get the job done hassle-free – and save you money.

The 3 Houses of Gaudí: What’s Included

Every Three Houses of Gaudi ticket includes the following:

  • Casa Batlló: Skip the line access + audio guide
  • La Pedrera (Casa Milá): Skip the line access + audio guide + city guide
  • Palau Guell: Open ticket
  • City Tour of Barcelona app (100+ spots w/ audio from local experts)

You also get a digital discount code giving you 10% off most major attractions like:

  • Sagrada Familia, Camp Nou Experience, and the Picasso Museum
  • The Hola BCN unlimited transport pass
  • Guided tours, flamenco shows, the city’s best museums, food
  • Nightclubs, shopping, the Dali Figueres tour, and many other excursions
  • Your return ticket to Girona and other Barcelona day trip tickets
  • And much more.

The 3 Houses of Gaudí Options + Prices

You get this Barcelona tourist pass via Tiqets (blue button below).

  • Adults: €79.00
  • Senior (65+): €72.00
  • Student (12-25): €68.00
  • Child (13-17): €74.00
  • Child (11-12): €31.00
  • Child (7-10): €15.00
  • Child (0-6): Free


Book my tickets now!

Why Buy with Tiquets and Barcelona Hacks?

  • There are no commissions
  • The 10% discount is the highest across-the-board offer online
  • It helps cover the time and expenses I dedicate to this blog

Advantages of the 3 Houses of Gaudí pass

You Save Money

Some math: the tickets included in the 3 Houses of Gaudi pass include Casa Batlló (€35.00), Casa Milá (€25.00), and Palau Guell (€12.00) for a total of €72.00 each.

Add in the Barcelona city tour app with a €10.00 value, and we’re suddenly ‘up’ on the purchase.

But wait.

If we use the 10% digital discount card for just one attraction, saving €3.16 at must-see Sagrada Familia, for example, we start piling on the savings.

Add in an Hola BCN transport card, a flamenco show, the Picasso Museum, an amusement park pass, or anything else on the long list of discounts and the savings really add up.

You Can Guarantee Spots During Times of Low Availability

If you’re booking your 3 Houses of Gaudi pass during times of low availability, you’ll be given booking priority right away in the checkout process. This also applies to people booking the pass within one or two days of their arrival.

In other words, this is the only place you’ll be able to lock in times for all three of these masterpieces in the same booking window – allowing you to coordinate the visits (they’re very close to one another) so the trip goes off without a hitch.

You Won’t Wait in Lines

OK, so saving €6.16 might not be the biggest deal to some, but what is your time worth?

It should be noted that, especially in summer, these attraction entrances can have lines lasting hours.

With the 3 Houses of Gaudí pass, you’ll get skip-the-line access at all three houses.

Also, for all the bookings made using your personal digital discount code, you’ll also have the advantage of skipping lines and not having to wait in the scorching sun.

If your time is worth €20.00 an hour (conservatively), we’re way into savings now.

There’s Nothing to Pick Up

Unlike other Barcelona discount cards, you’ll benefit from the 3 Houses of Gaudí pass being all digital.

That way, you won’t have to worry about picking anything up during rigid office hours, printing out tickets, or even losing them.

Just show the tickets on your phone: easy as.

How to Use the 3 Houses of Gaudí Pass

You can buy and get your 3 Houses of Gaudí Pass up and running using the following steps:

  • Enter the Tiqets 3 Houses of Gaudí page
  • Click the purple ‘book now’ button
  • Choose the # of passes and arrival date
  • Select your attraction visit times (only if during low availability or imminent arrival)
  • Click ‘go to the next step’ to get to the payment page
  • Fill out your payment details
  • Check your email for your receipt and tickets (will be sent within 1-3 minutes!)
  • Here you also receive your 10% discount code with links to websites to redeem them
  • Now you’ll be able to select your times at the attractions

Still having trouble? Get at me in the comments below.

Gaudi Discount Pass FAQ

Why am I inserting an arrival date when I purchase a 3 Houses of Gaudi pass?

You’re specifying your arrival date for two reasons.

Number one, it sets the first day possible to visit Palau Guell with your open ticket – which is valid for six months from your stated arrival date.

Number two, it locks in the validity of your 10% discount code. You’ll be able to use it from the second you get it (emailed at purchase) until five days after this stated arrival date.

Naturally, this is to avoid somebody dishonestly taking advantage of this discount forever – not that we’re insinuating you would!

What’s included in the Three Houses of Gaudi audio guide?

The downloadable app contains high-quality visuals, descriptions, and audio commentary on over 100 of Barcelona’s main sights. It also includes walking and Barcelona public transport itineraries and is available with offline/interactive digital maps.

It’s available in six languages, including English.

Do I have to pick anything up to receive my Gaudi ticket package?

No, all tickets and discount codes are done online.

Do I absolutely have to select my visiting dates for Casa Batlló and Casa Milá?

Yes, whether you receive tickets with the pass or individually, these dates need to be selected in order to avoid the long queues associated with walk-up tickets.

For other Gaudi Pass attractions that require a date and time, can I select whatever I want?


I received the Houses of Gaudi booking confirmation but didn’t get the tickets; what do I do?

Tiqets promises to have all tickets emailed within 24 hours, so if less than 24 hours have passed, you’ll simply have to wait.

In the odd case they don’t arrive within this period, write to [email protected] with your booking number.

How long can I use the discount?

The discount is valid from the second you buy the pass until 5 days after your indicated arrival.

Can I use the discount code on any website?

No, discount codes can only be used through the links you’ll be provided in the email.

Can I use the discount code at the ticket windows?


Do I have to visit all the attractions within 5 days of my arrival if I purchase the Gaudi Ticket Package?

No, attractions can be visited at any time as long as tickets are purchased within 5 days of arrival.

Am I gonna save money with the 3 Houses of Gaudí pass?

If you use it to book one additional attraction using the 10% discount, yes.

Still not convinced to purchase the 3 Houses of Gaudi Pass?

The incredible 3 Houses of Gaudi Pass gives you access to three of the most iconic architectural wonders of Barcelona – Casa Batllo, Casa Mila, and Park Guell – all in one convenient package.

Not only does this save you time from having to book each attraction individually, but it also saves you money!

So what are you waiting for? Book your 3 Houses of Gaudi Pass now before this amazing opportunity slips away.

Hasta luego😉

Gaudí’s Casa Batlló – Barcelona, ​​photo gallery

Casa Batlló night light

Casa Batlló is often neglected by many due to the fact that this house is on the same street as La Pedrera (also built by Gaudi), which attracts more attention.

Personally, I can’t understand why this is happening, since Casa Batlló is no less impressive than La Pedrera.

Casa Batlló was built by Gaudi for a wealthy aristocrat from Barcelona. The lower floors were for the owners, while the upper ones were rented out. Now the “house” has been turned into a museum, and I highly recommend visiting this building.

Click to book tickets for a quick visit to Gaudi’s famous multicolored house Casa Batllo on Paseo de Gracia

Magnificent colorful façade of Casa Batlló.

One afternoon my brother and I went to Casa Batlló, and then all evening we discussed why Gaudí placed two decorative columns at the entrance to the terrace.

Gaudí’s creations have a magical property to excite the imagination. His creations make you ask questions. So be prepared for the fact that even after saying goodbye to these architectural monuments, you will still think about what he wanted to say with his work.

Location map showing how to walk to Gaudí Batlo’s house from the nearest metro stations.

La Rambla

Rambla Catalunya

Passeig de Gracia

Gran Ronda Hotel

Sunotel Central Hotel

HCC St Moritz Hotel

Silken Ramblas Hotel

Casa Camper Hotel

Hotel Meridien

Turin Hotel

Hotel Royal

Hotel Catalonia Portal de l’Angel

Hotel NH Barcelona Centro

Hotel Monte Carlo

Hotel Serhs Rivoli Rambla

Hotel Continental Barcelona

Hotel Nouvel

Hotel Citypark Pelai 1 (Hotel HLG CityPark Pelayo)

Reding Hotel

Gran Ducat Hotel

Constanza Hotel

Hotel Palace Barcelona

Hotel Ronda Lesseps

Petit Palace Barcelona Hotel

Hotel Acta Atrium Barcelona

Hotel Gran Via

Hotel Catalunya Plaza

Hostel Residencia Australia

Hotel h20 Catalunya Plaza Boutique

Hotel Jazz

Hotel Gravina

Hotel Midmost

Hotel Atlantis

Hotel Lleo

Hotel Regina

Hotel Pension Miami

Hotel Pulitzer

Hotel Monegal

Hotel HCC Montblanc Barcelona

Hotel Denit

Hotel Olivia Plaza

Hotel Excellence

Hotel Cortes

Hotel Regente

Passeig de Gracia metro station

Sixtytwo Hotel

Hotel Room Mate Carla

Hotel Claris

Hotel Majestic

Hotel Alexandra

Hotel Condes

Renaissance Barcelona Hotel

Hotel Catalonia Eixample 1864

Hotel Praktik

Gran Hotel Havana Hotel

Petit Palace Museum Hotel

Hotel Cristal Palace

Hotel NH Collection Gran Calderón

Hotel Avenida Palace

Hotel Balmes

Best Western Premier Dante Hotel

Hotel Splendom Suites

Hotel Cram

Axel Hotel

Gaudi’s Casa Calvet
Carrer de Casp, 48

Plaza Catalunya

Casa Batlló
Passeig de Gràcia, 43

Antoni Tapies Foundation
Carrer d’Arago, 255

Urquinaona metro station

Urquinaona metro station

Catalunya metro station

Passeig de Gracia metro station

Catalunya metro station

Passeig de Gracia metro station

Passeig de Gracia metro station

Metro station Universitat

Metro station Universitat

This map is copyrighted and protected, copying is prohibited.

Camp Nou football stadium
Aristides Maillol

Address: Casa Batlló
Passeig de Gràcia, 43
08007 Barcelona, ​​España.

Official website:

Directions to Casa Batlló

Metro Station Passeig de Gràcia (Green Line, L3),
exit at Calle Aragó-Rambla Catalunya. Casa Batlló is only 30 seconds walk from the metro station, IF you exit the station through the correct exit. You need an exit: Calle Aragó-Rambla Catalunya .

Barcelona Bus Turistic stop

Nearest stop for Casa Batlló is Casa Batlló 9 with the Barcelona Bus Turistic tourist bus.0204

Public transport – bus

Passeig de Gràcia / Aragó: 7, 22, 24, V15
València / Passeig de Gràcia: 20, h20

Car park

Car park near Gaudí’s Casa Batlló

Admission fee: €39.00
Entrance ticket includes audio guide.
Save money with the Barcelona Card.
Discount: €3.00

Tickets for Casa Batlló with audio guide. Book your tickets online in advance and you won’t have to queue to get in.

Skip-the-line tickets for Casa Batlló can be purchased in advance at the link below. The ticket price also includes an audio guide explaining the history of each room in Casa Batlló (the audio guide is available in 10 languages: English, Spanish, Catalan, French, German, Italian, Portuguese, Russian, Chinese and Japanese). All interesting places in the house are marked with numbers that correspond to the number of the entry on the audio guide. Anyone interested in Gaudí’s thought process when creating this iconic masterpiece should take advantage of the audio guide.

Click to book tickets for a quick visit to Gaudí’s famous multicolored house Casa Batllo on Paseo de Gracia

Hotels near Casa Batlló

Hotels near Casa Batlló

To start the photo tour of Casa Batlló, click on the first photo in the table below. Note that it is best to view the photos in order.

Tickets: Casa Batllo, Barcelona |

Check availability

4 variants • from 35.00 €

Choice Tiqets

Carefully selected combinations

Casa Batllo – Combine your visit with other popular attractions in Barcelona. Some things are worth putting together.

Frequently Asked Questions about Casa Batllo

As one of Barcelona’s top attractions, Casa Batlló is, unsurprisingly, also one of the city’s busiest attractions, so choosing the right time to visit is key. Generally speaking, the best time to visit Casa Batlló is either in the morning – before the crowds are full of crowds in the afternoon – or in the evening, after the last reception. There are valid arguments for each.

In the morning, the interior is flooded with sunlight, which illuminates Gaudí’s design in all its radiant glory. Choose an evening visit, however, and you’ll have a more atmospheric experience, as the warm lighting casts shadows around the building, and the smaller crowd of recent visits creates a calmer atmosphere that helps the story feel more alive. Plus, seeing the sunset over the rooftops of Barcelona is almost worth the price of entry. The only way to be sure of this is to visit it twice!

The architecture of Casa Batlló is Gaudí’s boldest and most striking residential building. This stunning example of Catalan Modernism is a testament to Gaudí’s exceptional ability to create whimsical, otherworldly interior designs that still manage to be elegant and timeless. From dragon-style scaly tiles to kaleidoscopic floral mosaics and doors that look like they open into Narnia, this colorful house is stunning at every turn and is one of Barcelona’s true must-sees.

With an undulating animal façade, vibrant colors and intricate, thought-provoking features wherever you look, this is an architectural marvel inspired by nature and the Art Nouveau movement. A fun feature added to the experience is an augmented reality video guide that lets you see the life of Barcelona’s elite at the turn of the 20th century, accompanied by informative audio. The level of detail that Gaudí has ​​penetrated into every square inch of this incredible building has to be seen to be believed.

Depending on which type of Casa Batlló tickets you buy, your visit to Casa Batlló can take between one and three hours. Various tickets are available for Casa Batlló, some of which offer you a self-guided visit in which you can explore at your leisure and spend as much as you want marveling at Gaudí’s wonderful creation.

Theoretically, at Casa Batlló you can see everything in one hour, but that’s without stopping to really admire everything in detail. There are also more structured tours and experiences, typically two to three hours long, giving you plenty of time to truly appreciate the intricate detailing and craftsmanship of every nook and cranny of this architectural triumph.

If you really want to impress the locals of Barcelona when you visit, try pronouncing Casa Batlló in Catalan: [ˈkazə βəˈːːo]. If you’re not familiar with the international phonetic alphabet, it sounds a bit like Casa Bal-Yo. You can also get away with saying Casa Batlló as “Casa Batch-Yo”, but if you say “Casa Battle-Oh” you might get some weird looks!

While some visitors are disappointed to learn that there is no actual fire-breathing dragon on the roof of Casa Batlló, most are still amazed by the magnificent ceramic tiles on the roof that resemble the scales of a giant mythical beast.

Catalonia shares its patron saint with England, Saint George, who is said to have tamed and/or slain a dragon in the 3rd century AD. Consequently, there are hundreds of images of dragons all over Barcelona, ​​and Gaudí had a hand in quite a few of them. In particular, his lizard El Draka in Park Güell and the roof of the dragon Casa Batlló.

The roof of the building was for Gaudí like a man’s hat: a unique feature that distinguished each of his creations and gave them their own special identity. It is fair to say that he took this idea and ran with it to the roof of the Batlló house! Tickets to Casa Batlló will give you access to the rooftop, where you will not only get a great view of Barcelona, ​​but you will also be within touching distance of the dragon on the roof of Casa Batlló.

Ticket Overview

  • The genius of Gaudí is on display at Casa Batllo, a masterpiece of Catalan modernism

  • Journey to a fairy tale world with augmented reality immersion in the Gaudí dome

  • Explore a colorful and dreamy home as the music of British composer Dani Howard plays in the background

  • Admire the views from the iconic roof, adorned with towers and tiles that look like dragon scales

  • Don’t miss the magnificent Gaudí Cube, a 360 degree experience of 1000+ LED screens that delves into the life of Gaudí

  • Gaudí worked with artisans to create wrought iron, wood, stained glass and mosaic decorations in this UNESCO World Heritage Site

Don’t miss the opportunity to experience the unique craftsmanship of Gaudí and the wonders of Casa Batlló.

Tickets sell out fast so booking online is the only way to make sure you get on your preferred day.

Choose the right tickets for Casa Batllo:
  • With a standard admission ticket you will have access to the building, Gaudí’s cube and audio guide

  • Enhanced admission ticket includes entrance to the house, Gaudí dome, cube, virtual reality tablet and audio guide

  • Take advantage of the special VIP entrance to Casa Batllo. You will get access to a private room of the Balloche family, flexible booking options, free cancellation and a virtual reality tablet.

  • You can skip the line and get an audio guide if you arrive at 09:00 with an early ticket.

General information:
  • Certain categories of visitors are eligible for free entry if you are a resident of Spain, disabled or a student. If so, use the official website to book ticket

  • It will take at least an hour to visit the house, so you will want to give yourself enough time

  • You may take photographs for your own use, although tripods are not allowed.

  • There are no storage lockers in the house, so do not bring large bags or suitcases with you.

Conditions for visitors with disabilities:
  • Case Batlló has room for wheelchairs. They also have baby carriers that can be rented for children under 2 years old.

  • All parts of the house, including the roof terrace, are wheelchair accessible

  • Audio guide with detailed explanations available for people with visual impairments

  • If you are hard of hearing, you can view audio guide transcripts in Spanish, Catalan, English, French, Italian, Russian, Korean, Chinese, Japanese, Portuguese, Romanian, Polish, Cantonese Chinese and Dutch.

Casa Batlló reviews


6246 verified customer reviews

Customer photos

3 reviews



07 Nov. 2022


It was nice experience. Pay extra attention if you would add gold option to regular ticket. It will look a bit confusing, you have a regular ticket but in depth details you can show to the personal…

It was a nice experience. Pay extra attention if you would add gold option to regular ticket. It will look a bit confusing, you have regular ticket but in depth details you can show to the personal that it is gold

Casa Batlló: Blue



Apr 13



Super all

Casa Batlló: Gold Priority


Angela ,

Jan 5



Very interesting, but it’s better to buy more than the standard tickets

Casa Batlló: Blue

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