Geography barcelona: Barcelona | History, Map, Population, Climate, & Facts


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BARCELONA IS THE second-largest city in SPAIN after MADRID and is the capital of the autonomous region of Catalunya/Cataluna (Catalonia), which is situated in the northeast of Spain. The region is bordered to the north by the PYRENEES mountain range, which acts as a natural border between Spain, ANDORRA, and FRANCE; to the east the region is bordered by the MEDITERRANEAN SEA; to the west by the region of Aragon; and to the south by the Valencia region.

The metropolitan area of Barcelona has a population of approximately 3 million citizens, although only about 1.6 million of this total reside within the bounds of the city proper. The city comprises a number of distinct districts, each with its own character and urban form, which includes Cuitat Vella, the old city area, the 19th-century Eixample/Ensanche (extension), Montjuic, Sarria, Gracia, and new districts (Nou Barris) such as Trinitat Nova at the city periphery. As a consequence of these different districts, it is possible to walk by Roman remains, medieval buildings, and modern developments within a short space of time, particularly if walking westward from the low-lying seafront areas such as Barcelonetta or Barri Gotic (Gothic district) to the hills surrounding the city.

Like many other settlements in Spain and Europe, Barcelona has a long history, and the Romans were significant to its early development. Today, the outline of the Roman Forum can still be seen in the center of the city, and parts of the city walls built by the Romans also remain. During its history the city has been controlled and fought over by a number of different peoples, including the Visigoths in the 5th century, the Frankish Kings of the 9th century, and the Muslim statesman Al-Mansur in 985. The golden age of Barcelona as an economic and cultural power, however, dates from the late 19th century, although its development was late when compared with other European cities in England and France.

Nonetheless, upon the tearing down of the medieval city walls in the mid-19th century, the city for the first time was able to develop at a rate never seen before in its history. But this removal of the city walls was in part necessary because of the cramped, diseaseridden conditions of the old city and the fact that the lack of space also hindered its growing industrial base. Therefore, with the removal of the city walls, Barcelona was able to spatially, economically, and culturally expand itself, and this legacy comprises vast sways of the city’s urban form today.

For example, the huge district known as Eixample, laid down to a plan by Ildefons Cerda (1815–76), not only transformed the old settlement but remains a major element of the modern city today. Characterized by its geometrically formed grid crossed by wide avenues, the Eixample was a pioneering urban project within which considerations were made for traffic circulation, sunlight, and ventilation in the houses built within square-shaped blocks (the corners of which are rounded).

Within this large district are found many of the city’s most beautiful buildings as well, including numerous edifices by renowned architect Antonio Gaudi who designed largely in Gothic inspired and an art nouveau style. Among the most prominent of Gaudi’s works in the Eixample are the Casa Batllo, Casa Mila (La Pedrera, the “quarry”), and La Sagrada Familia (The Holy Family, from 1884), probably the city’s most famous symbol after its football team, Barcelona Football Club. Gaudi’s legacy in the city today forms an integral part of the city’s tourist industry, and tourists from all over the world come to the city to marvel at his work and also the city’s rich culture, which includes museums of the modern artist Joan Miro and the father of cubism, Pablo Picasso.

In recent times, Barcelona has become synonymous with international sporting and cultural events, such as the 1992 Summer Olympics and the 2004 International Forum of Cultures, and many people see these events as integral elements in the development of the city and its economy. In reality, Barcelona has a tradition of hosting famous events that dates from 1888, when it held the Universal Exposition; this tradition was continued into the 1920s with the World’s Fair, an event in which Ludwig Mies van der Rohe helped develop modernist architecture through the design of his Pavilion building. Nonetheless, these events have helped architecturally, economically, and culturally shape the city and its urban form, the result of which is a vibrant, cosmopolitan center today that inspires both eye and mind.

Location of Barcelona: geography and facts

Where is Barcelona located on the world map

Location of Barcelona

Where is the center of Barcelona

To answer the question “Where is Barcelona?” enough geographical knowledge from school. Barcelona is located in the northeast of Spain, on the Mediterranean coast.

Barcelona is the most beautiful city in the world, inspiring with majestic architecture and symmetrical planning.

The City of Barcelona is the capital of the region of Catalonia and the province of the same name.

Serves as a port on the Mediterranean Sea, 120 km from the French border. Barcelona is the most significant center of trade and industry in Spain. And yet – one of the main tourist points in European routes.

Where is Barcelona located on the map of the globe? That is, Barcelona on the map of the globe is located in the northeast of the Iberian Peninsula, on the gentle Mediterranean coast.

  • The plateau, where the capital of Catalonia is located, is surrounded on the south side by the Collserola mountain range, which gives the city a somewhat rounded shape. There is also the Llobregat River. In the north, the river Besos carries its waters.
  • Approximately 120 km from Barcelona are the Pyrenees.
  • The border states with Barcelona are France and Portugal.
  • Location of Barcelona

    The area where Barcelona is located is truly curious. The Mediterranean climate and close proximity to such popular resorts as Mallorca, Ibiza and the Costa Brava make the city an attraction for travelers from all over the world.

    Barcelona is located in a hilly area, which is why all its neighborhoods are named after hills. The hill of Mont Taber, which occupies the Cathedral erected on it, serves as the highest point of the city. And the heart of Barcelona is the Old Town, built in the Gothic style and dotted with countless souvenir shops and cafeterias.


    Barcelona has a Mediterranean climate. Therefore, the winters here are delicate and to a large extent dry, and the summers are not rainy and warm. The Mediterranean climate of the place where the capital of Catalonia is located is just perfect.

    Where is the center of Barcelona

    Plaza Catalunya is the center of Barcelona. It is especially in demand among travelers who do not have limitations in their abilities, which they remind of when planning a trip to this city.

    Apparently, a historical habit works in the sense that the most prestigious area of ​​residence is the one that is closer to the Kremlin, that is, the location near the center can provide walking distance to the main attractions. However, this will not work in the center of Barcelona, ​​the city is not built according to typology – the center is an elite, and the surrounding areas are devoid of remarkable.

    Barcelona is built according to different rules. And if we draw an analogy of this amazing city, then rather with a layer cake. To get a taste of the city, it is not so important to go to the center of Barcelona. There is a chance to be imbued with its spirit in any area:

    • the lower part of the Old Town and the surrounding environs – for the working class;
    • Eixample medium cake – for the middle class;
    • and the upper one, closest to the mountains, is for aristocrats.

    You can see the best hotels in the center of Barcelona using the link on

    Of course, the ranking of city districts is relative to a certain extent. But historically it was so, and Barcelona still breathes this life.

    Where is the center of Barcelona

    However, for those who want to know where the center of Barcelona is, we advise you to walk to Plaza Catalunya and look at this place, filigree marked and extremely noticeable. The circle is decorated with red mosaics and everyone entering it can think of a wish. But if you are an avid tourist, tempted to make wishes in every convenient place, plan something exceptional in Barcelona, ​​only to find out later that the center of Barcelona helped you realize your dream.

    • How to avoid queues at Barcelona attractions. Tickets for Sagrada Familia and Park Güell skip the line.
    • How not to be deceived by local taxi drivers. Order a taxi in advance with fixed rates online. The most reliable service for ordering a taxi is KiwiTaxi .
    • Excursions in Barcelona with locals will help you to get to know this city for real. The best way to get comfortable in an unfamiliar city is to walk around it with a person who has lived here for many years.
    • We advise you to take out travel insurance so that there are no unpleasant surprises while traveling to Barcelona.
    • Barcelona City Pass is a one-stop card that makes organizing your holiday in Barcelona easier and saves you a lot of time and money.
    • Hotels in Barcelona: is our selection and recommendations.
    • Bus Turistic is a tourist bus and a great way to get to all the necessary monuments of Barcelona quickly, with a breeze and comfort.
    • Drimsim is a universal international SIM card and a free travel application. Best prices, fast internet and worldwide calls.

    Geography Barcelona, ​​Overview of Spain –

    When you think of Spain, you can imagine bull fighting, flamenco, and tapas. Barcelona is different as it is part of Spain, and yet unique. Home to the indigenous population of Catalonia, Barcelona is the capital of this autonomous region that dreams of full independence. Catalan has its own official language making entering Barcelona like entering another world with the point of signs that way and people on the streets speaking a different language.

    The large number of expats and foreigners in Barcelona also flavor the city with a mix of languages ​​and cultures. Visitors are fascinated by Gaudí’s architecture, location on the Mediterranean coast, and the status, fashion and culture of the capital. Barcelona is the 16th most visited city in the world and the 4th most visited in Europe. Spain’s second largest city received a rebirth by hosting the 1992 Olympic Games and continues to grow as a destination. Both incredibly modern and filled with history, the city boasts some of Europe’s favorites from open markets, fine dining, trendy shopping, nightlife that goes on until dawn, and world-class cultural attractions. It is only natural that many of these visitors end up remaining expats.


    Officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), the country is located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. It is bordered in the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea and the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar, in the north by France, Andorra and the Bay of Biscay, and in the northwest and west by the Atlantic Ocean and Portugal. Spain also includes several islands: the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean and the Plaza de Soberania on the Mediterranean side of the Strait of Gibraltar. Spain lies between latitudes 26 degrees and 44 degrees N and longitude 19degrees W and 5 degrees E.

    Consisting of 504,782 km2 (194,897 sq mi), Spain is the 51st largest country in the world. Mainland Spain is a mountainous country, with the Pyrenees, Cordillera Cantabrica, System Iberico, System Central, Montes de Toledo, Sierra Morena and System Penibético. Tenerife, in the Canary Islands, has the country’s highest peak at the Teide, which is also the third largest volcano in the world. The Mexican Highlands is a major plateau with alluvial plains along the coast. The country is also marked by several major rivers including the Tagus, Ebro, Duero, Guadiana and Guadalquivir.

    Spain has the second largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites and the largest number of World Heritage cities. This is part of the draw for the approximately 46 million people who live here. A mix of ethnicities and cultures, there are lower densities (91/km or 235/sq miles) than most Western European countries. Native Spaniards make up 88 percent of Spain’s total population, but falling birth rates in the 1980s allowed for immigrants from other countries to populate the country.

    Time zone

    Spain is in the Central European Time Zone (CET). This is 1 hour ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT +1).

    Summer (summer) time is observed in Spain, where the time is shifted forward by 1 hour, 2 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT +2). After the summer months, time in Spain shifts back by 1 hour Central European Time (CET) or (GMT +1).


    Barcelona is located on the northeast coast of the Iberian Peninsula. Land area Barcelona 101.4 km2 (39square miles) bordered by Santa Coloma de Gramenet and Sant Adria de Besos to the north, Mediterranean to the east, El Prat de Llobregat and Hospitalet de Llobregat to the south; and Sant Feliu de Llobregat, Sant Just Desvern, Esplugues de Llobregat, Sant Cugat del Vallès, and I Montcada Reixac to the west. The city faced the Mediterranean Sea, located on a plateau 5 km (3 miles) wide. The Collserola mountain range borders the city with the Llobregat River to the southwest and the Besos River to the north. The small hills dot the city with neighborhoods like Carmel, Putxet and Rovira. More Tibidabo stands over the city from Torre de Collserola, telecommunications tower, located on top of it. Montjuic, topped by Montjuic Castle, to the southeast overlooking the harbour.

    There is a population of 1,621,537 in the urban area, with the larger Barcelona comprising approximately 4.5 million people. This makes it the sixth most populous urban area in the European Union and Europe’s largest metropolitan area on the Mediterranean coast.


    There are three main climatic zones:

    • Mediterranean climate – characterized by dry and warm summers, primarily on the peninsula valley of the Ebro river.
    • Oceanic climate – winter and summer temperatures are influenced by the ocean, and do not have seasonal drought. This atmosphere can be found in the north quarter of the country.

    Barcelona has a primarily Mediterranean climate. It is characterized by mild, wet winters and warm, dry summers. Atlantic westerly winds often arrive in Barcelona with low humidity preventing rain. The proximity of the Atlantic, its latitude, and topography are the reasons why summers are not as dry as most other Mediterranean locations in the basin. Its average annual temperature is 20 degrees Celsius (68 degrees Fahrenheit) during the day, 11 degrees (52 degrees Fahrenheit) at night.

    The coldest month is in January with warm temperatures in August.
    The summer season lasts about six months, from May to October.
    April and November are generally transient, with average temperatures of 17-18 degrees Celsius (63-64 degrees Fahrenheit) during the day and 8-9 degrees Celsius (46-48 degrees Fahrenheit) at night.
    Winter months of December, January and February are cold with average temperatures around 14 degrees Celsius (57 degrees Fahrenheit) during the day and 5 degrees Celsius (41 degrees Fahrenheit) at night.

    Sub-type climates can be found in different regions of the country, like the alpine climate in the Pyrenees and the Sierra Nevada, and the typical subtropical climate in the Canary Islands.

    For up-to-date weather information, consult Barcelona weather.


    Since 1987 the city has been divided into 10 administrative districts (districtes Catalan, Spanish distritos). Each district has its own council headed by a city councillor. The districts are mostly based on historical divisions.

    • Ciutat Vella – (Neighbourhood: La Barceloneta, El Gòtic, El Raval, Sant Pere, Santa Caterina la Ribera i) the old town of Barcelona, ​​including the medieval Barri Gotic, Rambles, Raval and El Born (also known as La Ribera)
    • Example – (Neighbourhood: L’Antiga Esquerra De L’Eixample, La Nova de l’Esquerra Eixample, Dreta De L’Eixample, Pienc Fort, Sagrada Familia, San Antonio) A modern square with large shady alleys, architecture by Antoni Gaudí and a large number of shops and restaurants.
    • Sants-Montjuic – (Neighbourhood: la Bordeta, la font de la Guatlla, Hostafrancs, la Marina de Port la Marina del Prat Vermell, El Poble s, Sants, Sants -Badal, Montjuic, Zona Franca – Port)
    • Les Corts – (Neighbourhood: le (Neighbourhood: El Besos i el Maresme, el Clot, El Camp de l’Arpa del Clot, Diagonal Mar ya el Front Maritim del Poblenou, el Parc la del Llacuna Poblenou)

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