Antoni Gaudí in Barcelona: the 10 Major Works
Most people visiting Barcelona will have heard of the major works of Antoni Gaudí, such as the Sagrada Família and Casa Milà. Other equally interesting architecture by Gaudí lies tucked away, sometimes in quiet residential neighborhoods. In this article we’ll cover the ten major projects of the Catalan architect and their unique stories.
La Sagrada Família
The Basílica i Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família is a Roman Catholic basilica designed by Antoni Gaudí (1852–1926) and probably the most emblematic of all Barcelona’s attractions. Construction of La Sagrada Família began in 1882 and Gaudí began working on the project in 1883. He combined Gothic and curvilinear Art Nouveau forms and the basilica became his life’s work. Still incomplete, La Sagrada Família, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is projected to be finished in 2026, the 100th anniversary of Gaudí’s death.
Casa Vicens is Gaudí’s first building in Barcelona. It is located in the Gràcia neighborhood on Carrer de les Carolines, 24. Casa Vicens was built as a summer home between 1883 and 1885; designed by the 31-year-old Gaudí for Manel Vicens i Montaner.
The Pavellons of Finca Güell in Pedralbes marked Gaudí’s first commission from the man who would become his main patron. Gaudí worked on the project from 1884 to 1887, re-landscaping the garden and building the two gatehouses, which were intended to be the caretaker’s house and the stables.
Palau Güell is a mansion designed by the architect Antoni Gaudí for the industrial tycoon Eusebi Güell and built between 1886 and 1888. The Art Nouveau inspired palace was the home of the Güell i López family until they moved to Park Güell.
Between 1888 and 1890, Gaudí led the construction of the school and headquarters of the religious order of the Teresians in the village of Sant Gervasi de Casseroles, now a neighborhood of Barcelona. The building remains a private school.
Some consider Casa Calvet (1899) Gaudí’ most conservative work but it also contains modernista elements. It is situated in Eixample and the ground floor now houses a restaurant.
Bellesguard, also known as Casa Figueres, is a modernist manor house designed by Gaudí and constructed between 1900 and 1909. It is located in the Sarrià-Sant Gervasi district.
Originally intended as a housing development project for the elite of Barcelona, Park Güell instead became a park. It was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984 and now stands among the top tourist attractions in the city.
Casa Milà, also known as La Pedrera (the quarry) was designed by Gaudí and built from 1906–1912. The building was commissioned by the industrialist Pere Milà and his wife Roser Segimon.
Gaudí’s Casa Batlló was created between 1904 and 1906. The building was remodeled by Gaudí for the textile industrialist Josep Batlló from a previously built house.
In 1890, social unrest made it necessary for Eusebi Güell to move his textile mill to Santa Coloma de Cervelló, about 20km from Barcelona. Gaudí was commissioned to design the church of the development called Colonia Güell.
Bodegas Güell in Garraf was built by Gaudí and his assistant Francesc Berenguer i Mestres between 1895-1900. It is now a restaurant.
Further afield in Spain, Gaudí worked on El Capricho in Cantabria, the Episcopal Palace of Astorga and Casa Botines in León.
Plans were made for building a Franciscan Missions in Tangier in 1892 but it was never built. Hotel Attraction was a project planned by Gaudí in 1908 for a skyscraper in New York City, which was also never realized.
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Categories Architectural Landmarks Tags Antoni Gaudí
Architecture Guide: 10 Must See Gaudí Buildings in Barcelona
Architecture Guide: 10 Must See Gaudí Buildings in Barcelona
© Tom Walk [Flickr], license (CC BY-ND 2. 0)
- Written by Miguel Picado | Translated by Amanda Pimenta
In this Barcelona guide, we have rounded-up the architecture of probably the best known and most influential architect from the beginning of the century in Spain, Antonio Gaudí. Gaudí spent most of his life in Barcelona and the city boasts the largest concentration of his works in the world. His style is unique, often imitated but never matched.
Gaudí´s ideas shaped the way of thinking about architecture for a whole generation. His influence on Catalan modernism was immense, creating a unique style that many have tried to replicate. It is difficult to find a person who doesn´t at least know Gaudí by name. Of the 10 most visited attractions in Barcelona, 4 are buildings by Gaudí. In this guide, we wanted to compile the 10 essential Gaudí buildings, all located in Barcelona, necessary to gain an appreciation of his work. The first 7 building are considered heritage of humanity.
© Ian Gampon [Flickr], license CC BY-ND 2.0
Passeig de Gràcia, 43
© Neil Howard [Flickr], license (CC BY-NC 2.0)
Carrer de les Carolines, 24
© xiquinhosilva [Flickr], license (CC BY 2.0)
© Jaap Kramer [Flickr], license CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
Carrer Nou de la Rambla, 3-5
© Alejandro [Flickr], license (CC BY 2.0)
Calle Claudi Güell, Santa Coloma de Cervelló
© Jesús Abizanda [Flickr], license (CC BY 2.0)
Carrer de Mallorca, 401
© Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia
Carrer de Bellesguard, 16
© Munea Viajes [Flickr], license (CC BY-SA 2.0)
Carrer de Casp, 48
© Αλέξανδρος [Flickr], license (CC BY-SA 2.0)
Colegio Teresiano de Barcelona
Carrer de Ganduxer, 85
© Enfo [Wikipedia], license (CC BY-SA 3. 0)
Si quieres conocer más de Barcelona, te recomengadmos la siguiente guía de Arquitectura.
Guía de arquitectura de Barcelona: 23 obras imprescindibles en tu primera visita
25 En Barcelona, meca del urbanismo contemporáneo, el paisaje se enriquece con infinitas capas de historia. Desde sus primeros pobladores, los colonos romanos, generación tras generación, fueron construyeron allí, uno encima del otro. Romanos, visigodos y un breve período islámico todavía están incrustados en las calles más bonitas de la ciudad.
Editor’s note: This article was originally published on September 09, 2017.
Cite: Picado, Miguel. “Architecture Guide: 10 Must See Gaudí Buildings in Barcelona” [Guía de arquitectura de Barcelona: 10 imprescindibles de Gaudí] 18 Sep 2021. ArchDaily. (Trans. Pimenta, Amanda ) Accessed . <https://www.archdaily.com/877599/10-must-see-gaudi-buildings-in-barcelona> ISSN 0719-8884
Top 7 works by Antoni Gaudí in Barcelona
The World of Antoni Gaudí
September 13, 2020
In this article, we will highlight the best works of Antoni Gaudí in Barcelona, which are simply a must-see. Exactly
Gaudí’s work, for all its small number, has shaped the unique architectural image of Barcelona.
Many of his amazing buildings are now museums available to the public – which makes them even more interesting. So, the 7 best works of Antoni Gaudí in Barcelona!
The Expiatory Temple of the Sagrada Familia, better known as the Sagrada Familia (La Sagrada Familia) is a whole world created by Antonio Gaudí.
The universe that arose from a point as a result of a brilliant explosion in the brain of a Catalan architect – and is still expanding (this is not a metaphor: more than 130 years have passed
since the start of construction, but no one can say for sure even now when it will be completed).
As the Sagrada is infinite in time and space, so you can talk about it endlessly. About, for example, that it has nothing to do with the construction of Gaudi
didn’t have it at first – everything was different. .. read more about Sagrada Familia
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Casa Mila (La Pedrera)
You will not believe it, but this is the true truth: the house of Mila, today known even to people far from architecture, visited by crowds of tourists (over 1.200.000
people annually), at one time was extremely negatively perceived by all sections of Barcelona society – from housewives to art historians, from laborers to the cream of the Barcelona establishment,
including the customers themselves: the wealthy Barcelona couple Pere Mila y Camps and Roser Sejimon.
Already at the construction stage, the house earned a lot of offensive nicknames, the most innocent of which were: “scrap metal dump”, “wormhole”, “airship depot”, and, finally, “Stone quarry”
(La Pedrera), under which the house became world famous… read more about Casa Mila
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Not everyone knows that the building, known worldwide today as Casa Batllo, was built back in 1877 by local architect Emilio Cortes, who coincidentally was in
his time as professor of the young Gaudí.
To be honest, it was of no interest from the point of view of architecture: an ordinary neoclassical city mansion, such as those built in Barcelona at that time
But the street on which this house was located was just very special: the most prestigious and expensive avenue of the city, the “Champs Elysees” of Barcelona – Passage de
Gracia… read more about Casa Batlló…
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Park Güell is the work of the “great and terrible” Antonio Gaudi, which was never completed.
It is not so easy to get to this attraction – even today it is far from the center of Barcelona, but during construction it was completely
was located “in the middle of nowhere”, or rather – on Bald Mountain. And yet, Park Güell has been and remains one of the most visited attractions in Barcelona. .. read more about Parc Güell
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Güell Palace is the first truly major project of Antonio Gaudí, commissioned by businessman and philanthropist Eusebi Güell in 1886-1890. This work sums up
under the so-called “formative period” of Gaudi and contains, to one degree or another, many features of the personal style of the architect, which cannot be confused with anyone
An attentive tourist, walking slowly along the famous Barcelona Ramblas, will definitely notice in one of the side streets a house with an unusual roof, as if completely lined with huge colored flowers.
mushrooms… read more about Palau Güell
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Torre Bellesguard or the house of Figueres (this is the official name) – until recently, perhaps the most little-known of the buildings of Antonio Gaudi, and the reasons for this –
Firstly, the location: the house with the plot is located far from the city center, at the foot of the Sierra de Colcierola mountain range, where, in addition to everything, and
public transport does not run.
And rightly so – there is nothing for him to do here! The area is prestigious, the people here are not poor, they are not often met – this is not a crowded lower city for you! – in a word,
one of those places that we Barcelona guides talk about – strangers don’t go here!.. read more about the tower
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The Vicens House is the first, in fact, major project of Antoni Gaudi, built back in those distant times, when Gracia was not a district of Barcelona, \u200b\u200band existed in
as a separate town outside the Catalan capital.
The building, in fact, was erected as a country house for a local ceramic tile manufacturer, Don Manuel Vicens y Muntaner. .. read more about house Vicens
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ANTONIO GAUDI – EXCURSIONS
TOP 12 EXCURSIONS IN BARCELONA
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Works by Antonio Gaudí – Guide Barcelona TM
The works of Antonio Gaudí win hearts at first sight and make you fall in love forever with this amazing work of one of the strangest masters.
The beginning of Antonio Gaudí’s creative work
At the very beginning of the architect’s career in Europe, the Neo-Gothic style actively flourished, and the young Gaudí watched with great interest the ideas of the main masters. The declaration proclaimed by them “Decorativeness is the beginning of architecture” ideally corresponded to the imagination of Gaudí, and became his creative credo for life.
But the influence of the local Gothic, with its picturesque combination of European and oriental, Moorish motifs, Gaudí made an even greater impression.
In the years 1870-1882, he carried out exclusively applied orders in the studio of the architects E. Sala and F Villar. The project of the fountain in Plaza Catalunya in 1877 was the first major work of Antonio Gaudí.
1 House Vicens
In the years 1883-1888, a building designed by Gaudí, Casa Vicens, was built, where the architect used the polychrome effects of the ceramic cladding. Later he used it in his other works.
Vicens House was a reflection of Arabic architecture.
The characteristic features of the House of Vicens were:
- facade design
- broken roof line
- geometric patterns
- carved metal bars on balconies
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You can purchase a ticket to enter this Barcelona attraction at the link on the official ticket platform.
In the period 1887-1900, other works by Antonio Gaudí were realized, already outside of Barcelona. In them, he gave the Neo-Gothic style more and more individual features:
- Episcopal palace in Astorga, 1887-1893
- House of Botines in León, 1891-1894 etc.
Antoni Gaudí also carried out restoration work in Barcelona.
In 1883-1885, according to the project of Gaudi, El Capriccio was built – a summer mansion on the coast of Cantabria near the city of Santander. The project used a horizontal distribution of space. The ground floor of the house housed the kitchen and utility rooms.
On the first floor there were:
- smoking room
- multiple bedrooms
Works by Antonio Gaudí for Eusebi Güell
In 1878, at the World Exhibition in Paris, Antonio Gaudí met the textile magnate Eusebi Güell, who later became the main customer and good friend of the architect. Throughout Güell’s life, Gaudí designed for him and his family everything that the philanthropist entrusted to him. Guell could afford any whim, and Gaudi, in turn, could create freely, not paying attention to standards.
Antonio Gaudí realized projects for the Eusebi Güell family:
- pavilions of the estate in Pedralbes near Barcelona
- wine cellars in Garraf
- crypts of the Colonia Guell in Santa Coloma de Cervelho
- the stunning Parc Güell in Barcelona
The construction of the Park Güell lasted from 1900-1914. The most famous buildings of the park are the so-called “Greek Temple” (room for the covered market), in which the architect erected a whole forest of 86 columns, and the “Endless Bench”, which winds like a snake for several hundred meters. Also here is the house-museum of the architect himself. Gaudí was able to reflect in architecture what only nature was capable of before.
Parc Güell is one of the most significant works of Antonio Gaudí and also a significant landmark in Barcelona.
In addition, he managed to create such masterpieces as:
- St. Teresa (Convento Teresiano)
- house La Casa Calvet
You can purchase your entry ticket to this Barcelona attraction on using the link on the official ticket platform.
4Temple Sagrada Familia
In 1891, the architect receives an order for the construction of the Sagrada Familia (Sagrada Familia) in Barcelona. It is rightfully considered the pinnacle of perfection in the work of Antoni Gaudí. The construction of the Sagrada Familia began in 1882 under the supervision of two architects:
- Juan Martorell
- Francisco de P. Del Villar
But in 1891 the project was headed by Antoni Gaudí.
As conceived by Gaudí, the Sagrada Familia was to become a symbolic building of the Nativity of Christ.
The construction of the temple continues to this day and should be completed by 2030.
Keep in mind that there are always huge lines at the box office of the Sagrada Familia. To avoid them, we advise you to buy tickets in advance via the Internet here .
5 Casa Batlló
One of the most unusual buildings of Antoni Gaudí is Casa Batlló:
- House built in 1904-1906.
- Its design contains a plot in which St. George slays a dragon.
- The lower floors look like the bones and skeleton of a dragon.
- The roof is made in the form of its spine.
Harmony of color and plastic texture have become the main feature of Batlló’s appearance.
Tickets for Casa Batlló can be bought here .
The house of Mila (or La Pedrera) is also considered a masterpiece of architecture, the construction of which took place in the period 1906-1910 years. This is one of the most famous buildings of Art Nouveau, called “La Pedrera” (quarry).
Mila’s house has no interior load-bearing walls and all ceilings are supported by columns and exterior walls.
Tickets for Dom Mila can be bought here .
The death of the architect Antonio Gaudí
Antoni Gaudí in Barcelona on June 7, 1926 was hit by a tram. In poor clothes, he was brought to a special hospital for the poor, where he died on June 10. The remains of the great architect rest in the crypt of the Sagrada Familia.
The works of Antoni Gaudí will surely surprise and delight you. And so that the trip is not overshadowed by a long wait in lines, buy tickets for visiting these Barcelona attractions in advance. You can do this online at the link on the official ticket platform.
- How to avoid queues at Barcelona attractions. Tickets for the Sagrada Familia and Park Güell skip the line.
- How not to be deceived by local taxi drivers. Order a taxi in advance with fixed rates online. The most reliable service for ordering a taxi – KiwiTaxi .
- Excursions in Barcelona with locals will help you get to know this city for real. The best way to get comfortable in an unfamiliar city is to walk around it with a person who has lived here for many years.
- We advise you to take out travel insurance so that there are no unpleasant surprises while traveling to Barcelona.