Football | History, Rules, & Significant Players
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What is football?
Football, also called association football or soccer, is a game involving two teams of 11 players who try to maneuver the ball into the other team’s goal without using their hands or arms. The team that scores more goals wins. Football is the world’s most popular ball game in numbers of participants and spectators.
What is the origin of football?
Modern football originated in Britain in the 19th century. Though “folk football” had been played since medieval times with varying rules, the game began to be standardized when it was taken up as a winter game at public schools. The Football Association, formed in 1863, codified the rules of the game and hosted the first cup competition between regional football clubs in Britain.
How many people play football?
The Fédération Internationale de Football Association, or FIFA, estimated that at the turn of the 21st century there were approximately 250 million football players worldwide.
What is football’s premier tournament?
The World Cup is football’s premier tournament. It is a quadrennial tournament and is likely the most popular sporting event in the world, drawing billions of television viewers every tournament.
football, also called association football or soccer, game in which two teams of 11 players, using any part of their bodies except their hands and arms, try to maneuver the ball into the opposing team’s goal. Only the goalkeeper is permitted to handle the ball and may do so only within the penalty area surrounding the goal. The team that scores more goals wins.
Football is the world’s most popular ball game in numbers of participants and spectators. Simple in its principal rules and essential equipment, the sport can be played almost anywhere, from official football playing fields (pitches) to gymnasiums, streets, school playgrounds, parks, or beaches. Football’s governing body, the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), estimated that at the turn of the 21st century there were approximately 250 million football players and over 1.3 billion people “interested” in football; in 2010 a combined television audience of more than 26 billion watched football’s premier tournament, the quadrennial month-long World Cup finals.
For a history of the origins of football sport, see football.
The early years
Modern football originated in Britain in the 19th century. Since before medieval times, “folk football” games had been played in towns and villages according to local customs and with a minimum of rules. Industrialization and urbanization, which reduced the amount of leisure time and space available to the working class, combined with a history of legal prohibitions against particularly violent and destructive forms of folk football to undermine the game’s status from the early 19th century onward. However, football was taken up as a winter game between residence houses at public (independent) schools such as Winchester, Charterhouse, and Eton. Each school had its own rules; some allowed limited handling of the ball and others did not. The variance in rules made it difficult for public schoolboys entering university to continue playing except with former schoolmates. As early as 1843 an attempt to standardize and codify the rules of play was made at the University of Cambridge, whose students joined most public schools in 1848 in adopting these “Cambridge rules,” which were further spread by Cambridge graduates who formed football clubs. In 1863 a series of meetings involving clubs from metropolitan London and surrounding counties produced the printed rules of football, which prohibited the carrying of the ball. Thus, the “handling” game of rugby remained outside the newly formed Football Association (FA). Indeed, by 1870 all handling of the ball except by the goalkeeper was prohibited by the FA.
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The new rules were not universally accepted in Britain, however; many clubs retained their own rules, especially in and around Sheffield. Although this northern English city was the home of the first provincial club to join the FA, in 1867 it also gave birth to the Sheffield Football Association, the forerunner of later county associations. Sheffield and London clubs played two matches against each other in 1866, and a year later a match pitting a club from Middlesex against one from Kent and Surrey was played under the revised rules. In 1871 15 FA clubs accepted an invitation to enter a cup competition and to contribute to the purchase of a trophy. By 1877 the associations of Great Britain had agreed upon a uniform code, 43 clubs were in competition, and the London clubs’ initial dominance had diminished.
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|France||27||21||826 9014 147 14||1||1||4||2|
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|15|| Andreas Christensen
|Denmark||27||16||1263||15||1||1||92|| Marcos Alonso
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|24|| Eric Garcia
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|5|| Sergio Busquets
|Spain||8||4 9014 4 9014 0147 1827||22||2||2||3||5||1|
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|Spain||23||26||1914 1908 4 8||15||3||1||4||1|
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Why famous football players choose houses on the Spanish coast of Garraf
Barça players choose the coast of Garraf to live
FC Barcelona players buy property in Gava and Castelldefels. Costa Garraf is located just 14 km from Barcelona. Main coastal cities:
- Gava Mar
Pine forests, excellent ecology and a wide line of sandy beaches make this coast an ideal place to live. Here is a large natural park – the picturesque mountain reserve Garraf.
The presence of a natural park here protects the area from overbuilding
In addition, this is the only coastline in the vicinity of Barcelona where the residential areas are not separated from the beach by a railroad track. In summer, most of the tourists here are locals. There are no large hotels on the coast, so there are much fewer tourists here than on other beaches.
You can get to Barcelona in just 15-25 minutes
Newly built additional road junctions have significantly improved traffic, and you can get to Barcelona in just 15-25 minutes. This makes the Costa Garraf an exceptionally convenient place to stay for those who have to travel frequently to Barcelona.
Garraf is an exclusive and prestigious area of Catalonia
The Garraf coast area is an exclusive and prestigious area of Catalonia, occupying one of the first places in terms of living standards. Some of the best marinas on the Mediterranean coast are located in this area. It is here that almost all the players of FC Barcelona prefer to settle.
House in Castelldefels Gerard Piqué and Shakira
Gerard Piqué and Shakira decided to move into a house on the banks of the Castelldefels when they were expecting their first child together (when they moved out of Gerard’s old apartment, his friend Cesc Fabregas decided to rent it until his house was ready).
They also bought another house next to theirs to avoid paparazzi and prying neighbors. Initially, the house had an area of about 700 square meters. m, but has already been rebuilt several times to make it more comfortable.
Lionel Messi bought a house in Castelldefels a few years ago
3 years ago he and his girlfriend decided to rebuild it. He bought two farms that were near the borders of his house to expand his home. Lionel Messi spent about 2 million euros on the reconstruction.
Currently, his home is over 10,000 square meters, has a football field and a personal gym, as well as a place for bodyguards next to the goal.
Luis Suarez in Castelldefels
Luis Suarez moved to Castelldefels back in 2015 after living in a different house for a year (he decided to move because he was tired of the neighbors taking pictures of him and his family). He bought a 2,000 sq. m. At the end of 2015, he decided to rebuild the house so that it looked more like Messi’s house. Currently, Ivan Rakitic lives in the old house with his family.
The famous mansion of André Gomes
André Gomes is another player who lives near the former Barça number 10. He currently rents the Cesc Fabregas mansion. Previously, this house was rented by Thomas Vermaelen, who was loaned to Roma.
Barça goalkeeper Victor Valdes
Former Barça goalkeeper Victor Valdes has bought a house for himself in the seaside town of Gava Mar.
At one time Gava Mar was the residence of such players as:
- Seydou Keita
- Rafael Marquez
- Eidur Gudjohnsen
- Henrik Larsson
- Thiago Motta
- Juan Roman Riquelme
- Patrick Reiziger 9002 9002 004
- Phillip Cocu
- Frank de Boer.
Cesc Fàbregas recently bought a large house overlooking the sea in Castelldefels. Javier Mascherano, Daniel Alves and Alexis Sanchez also live here. Until recently, Lionel Messi lived in Castelldefels, and earlier in this city there were houses of David Villa, Ronaldinho, Ronaldo and Rivaldo.
FC Barcelona striker Neymar expressed a desire to buy a house in Gava or Castelldefels
New Forward of Paris Saint-Germain F.C. Neymar also expressed a desire to buy a house in Gava or Castelldefels, on the first line of the sea. He really liked the house in which Ronaldinho used to live.
The footballer’s family bought a 1,000m2 house in Pedralbes, Barcelona, but the footballer’s father and brother continue to look for a family villa on the Garraf coast.
Gava Mar is one of the most popular and exclusive places on the coast of Spain
Gava Mar is the location chosen by Javier Mascherano, Ivan Rakitic, Rafinha Alcantara and coach Luis Enrique. Also very close to Castelldefels in Le Botigues de Sitage live Marc André ter Stegen and Sergio Busquets.
Marc Andre ter Stegen lives in a mansion in the mountains
He pays about 9,000 euros a month to live in a house with an outdoor pool. According to rumors, this house was chosen by his girlfriend, who studies architecture.
Sergio Busquets and his girlfriend are currently remodeling their house in Sitges to make it bigger for their family (they had their first child in 2016 and their second in 2018). The player bought another property and now owns over 2,400 sqm to expand their old home.
Ivan Rakitic and his family
Ivan Rakitic and his family rent a house in Gava, which was previously used by Luis Suarez. The Croatian player pays around 12,000 euros per month to live in a house worth around 2.3 million euros, which is part of a gated community made up of five identical buildings.
Some players live in Barcelona near the city center in the most prestigious areas. One of them is Neymar, who lives in Pedralbes (the area where Rafinha Alcantara and Gerard Pique lived as children).
In another expensive area – Esplugues de Llobregat – live:
- Gerard Pique
- Arda Turan
- Andres Iniesta.
In Esplugues there are also houses belonging to Dani Alves and Adriano. Jordi Alba lives in L’Hospitalet.
Neymar has been living in this luxurious house in Barcelona since 2013
The house has wooden floors, and from the balcony of his room, Neymar can see the stadium of the Barcelona football club – Camp Nou. The house also has an underground garage for 8 cars.
Arda Turan bought his house in Garraf immediately after moving to another club with a little help from Gerard Pique (then Arda called him the best real estate agent).