Antoni Gaudí – Park Guell
Antoni Gaudí Life and Facts
Antoni Gaudí y Cornet (1852–1926) was a Spanish architect whose idiosyncratic work, characterized by undulating curves and richly colored scrambled textures, won wide international recognition only after the mid-20th century.
Antonio (Antoní is the Catalan spelling) Plácido Guillermo Gaudí was born in Reus, in the Catalan region of Spain, on June 25, 1852.
As a young person he went to nearby Barcelona, where he studied at the school of architecture. There he did architectural work to help support himself, and thus acquired actual experience.
The great Gothic cathedral in Barcelona and the many neo-Renaissance secular buildings in the city were major sources of inspiration for Gaudí, who remained in Barcelona for the rest of his life.
By the time he completed his formal studies, Gaudí had already begun to develop his unique style—blending elements of Gothic art, art nouveau, known as modernismo in Catalonia, and functional structure.
His favorite forms were inclined columns to add stress to ceilings, paraboloid arches, thin edge-butted tile vaults, and the richest, most colorful textures possible, often mosaics made of broken tile scraps.
Soon he found rich patrons in Barcelona who favored his elaborate style with art nouveau whiplash curves and its exuberance of colorful textured surfaces.For shipping magnata and textile manufacturer Eusebio Güell Bacigalupi, his most important patron, Gaudí built a palace (1885–1889), now a museum. The building is marked by its fantastic roof line, parabolic arched entrances, and lavish ironwork.
Among his other works for Güell are the brilliantly imaginative park, the Park Guell (1900–1914) and the lower part of a chapel (1898–1915), remarkable for its thin shell vaults held up by inclined pillars.
He had other patrons who were also resident in Barcelona and for whom he constructed the Casa Vicens (1878–1880) and the Casa Batlló (1905–1907).
It was the almost outlandish Casa Milà (1905–1910) in which the artist carried his double-curved walls to their most extreme limits.
Gaudí died in Barcelona on June 10, 1926, after being hit by a streetcar. His greatest project, the Church of the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona, was left unfinished at the time of his death. He had begun work on the church as early as 1884. From 1910 to 1926, however, he devoted his efforts exclusively to his masterpiece.
Although its construction continued haphazardly and at a slow pace through the 1990s—and will most likely do so into the 21st century—the vast church, with its hyperbolic paraboloids (saddle-shaped curves) and wealth of decorative elements, stands out as one of the 20th century’s great religious edifices.
The great American architect Louis Sullivan said in 1922 that Gaudí’s Church of the Sagrada Familia was “spirit symbolized in stone.” At that time few people could appraise his statement, for although well known in Catalonian Spain, Gaudí’s work was neglected outside his native country after the mid-1920s.
Partly owing to the surrealists who were fascinated by the fantastic element in his work, but mostly owing to architects and art historians, Gaudí’s genius finally became widely appreciated, although this did not occur until more than 30 years after his death.
Gaudí points of interest in barcelona
The Ultimate Visitor’s Guide to Gaudi’s Barcelona Park •
Filled with natural forms, careful details and imaginative design, a walk through Antoni Gaudi’s Park Guell is one of the most popular things to do in Barcelona. With architectural elements heavily inspired by nature, this attraction is a unique and colorful escape from the busy city. Keep reading to discover everything you need to know about visiting Park Güell, including how to get there, tips for visiting, ticket information and more.
WHAT IS PARK GUELL? A BIT OF HISTORY
If you’ve spent any amount of time researching your trip to Barcelona, chances are you have become very familiar with Catalan’s most famous architect, Antoni Gaudi. Gaudi’s work has become some of the city’s most popular tourist attractions which include La Sagrada Familia, Casa Mila and Park Guell.
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In the late 1800’s, there was an industrial entrepreneur named Eusebi Güell who wanted to create a housing development site for wealthy families. The estate was located on a hill with amazing views, completely surrounded by nature.
Güell commissioned Gaudi to develop the estate but the project was a failure as there was no buyer interest. Only two of the 60 villas ended up being built within the park (one of which Gaudi purchased and ended up living in for 20 years).
Construction lasted between 1900-1914, but it was never finished. Today, Park Guell belongs to the city of Barcelona and was opened as a public park in 1926. It is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
VISITING PARK GUELL : WHAT TO EXPECT
Park Guell spans over 17.5 hectares (43 acres), and a large portion of the park is free to visit. However if you want to see Gaudi’s contributions, you will need to purchase a ticket to enter The Monumental Zone. Within The Monumental Zone you can explore popular attractions such as The Dragon Staircase, the Hypostyle Room, the Viaducts and more.
THE DRAGON STAIRCASE
At the entrance of Park Guell, you’re met with a twin staircase that takes you up to the Hypostyle Room, Nature Square and the Laundry Room Portico.
On the third platform of the staircase you will find the most famous symbol in the park, the mosaic, tiled dragon (which actually looks more like lizard).
The Hypostyle Room was originally designed to be the market area for the residents. Tiled ceiling mosaics look down on the 86 fluted columns. The columns were designed as water collectors and were intended to gather rainwater to supply the residents with.
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Gaudi designed Park Guell with the intention to connect all areas of the park easily. There are three viaducts throughout the park which connect lower and higher ground, and were wide enough to fit horse drawn carriages.
THE GREEK THEATER (NATURE SQUARE)
On top of the Hypostyle Hall there is a large platform that was intended to be used a recreational area for the residents, where they could put on plays and concerts, and hold religious ceremonies. Nature Square offers some of the best views in the park.
THE LAUNDRY ROOM PORTICO
This slanted walkway was designed to take on the shape of an ocean wave. The columns also act as a retaining wall for the road above.
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TIPS FOR VISITING PARK GUELL
BUY YOUR TICKETS ONLINE
Park Guell has a capacity limit of 1,400 visitors an hour and ticketed time slots can fill up quickly, especially during peak season. Book your tickets in advance to skip the long lines and ensure your entrance into the park.
METRO BUS FOR TICKET HOLDERS
If you will be arriving at Park Guell by Metro, there is a free bus that will take you from the Alfons X (L4) stop to the park entrance. To use the bus, you must already have a ticket, so make sure to purchase them online before arriving.
The bus runs round trip, and will take you back to the metro stop when you’re ready to leave. Keep scrolling for full instructions on how to get to Park Guell below.
*Due to the pandemic, the bus has stopped its service. Be sure to check the official website for the most up to date information.
WHAT TO BRING
The Monumental Zone is 12 hectares (39 acres) so prepare to get your steps in. Comfortable shoes are a must. Also make sure to bring sunscreen and some water. There are vendors selling small bottles of water for €1, but you’ll save money by packing your own.
There is a cafe inside the Monumental Zone but it is expensive and super crowded. There are a few designated picnic areas, so grab some food on the way over to enjoy at the park.
WATCH OUT FOR PICKPOCKETS
Wherever large groups of tourists gather, there are usually pickpockets lurking about. Keep an eye on your belongings and tuck your wallets in a safe place that’s not easily accessible.
THE BEST TIME TO VISIT
As one of the most popular tourist attractions in Barcelona, it’s to be expected that Park Guell is extremely busy. If you’re looking to beat some of the crowds, visit first thing in the morning, right when they open. The weather will also be much cooler during this time.
GIVE YOURSELF EXTRA TIME TO GET THERE
Park Guell is huge and the entrance can be confusing to find, depending on which mode of transportation you take to get there. If you’ve booked your tickets online, you only have 30 minutes after your ticketed time slot to enter the park. Once the 30 minute grace period is up, your ticket becomes invalid (once you’re inside you can stay as long as you’d like). Give yourself a little extra time to get there, just in case you run into any problems.
TICKETS DO NOT INCLUDE ENTRY TO GAUDI’S HOUSE
Antoni Gaudi lived at Park Guell from 1906-1925 in one of the sample homes from the never completed housing project he was hired to design. Today, Gaudi’s old residence is a museum where you can learn about the life and work of the famed architect.
Your ticket into Park Guell’s Monumental Zone does not include entrance into the Gaudi Museum. You will need to purchase that separately (€5) and I also recommend buying this ticket online too in order to skip the long lines.
THERE IS NO RE-ENTRY ONCE YOU LEAVE THE TICKETED AREA
Once you are within the ticketed Monumental Zone, you can not leave and re-enter.
PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES / ACCESSIBILITY
Due to the uneven terrain, steep ramps and the amount of steps Gaudi incorporated in his design, Park Guell is not the easiest attraction for people with limited mobility or disabilities. The park is also located on a steep hill, so arriving by taxi is advisable.
The park has outlined a specific itinerary adapted for people with limited mobility, but BarcelonaEnabled.com, says it might still be a challenge for wheelchair users. Check out Barcelona Enabled or Sage Traveling for accessibility information while in Barcelona.
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HOW TO GET TO PARK GUELL
Due to its location on the top of a steep hill, getting to Park Guell can prove to be a little tricky.
ESCALATORS There are two sets of escalators that will bring you to the park entrance from the middle-bottom of the hill. The first escalator is located at 36 Baixada de la Glòria and the other escalator is located at 20 Carrer de Sant Cugat del Vallès.
There are several metro routes you can take to reach Park Guell.
- Take metro line 3 (green) and exit at the Vallcarca stop. From here it’s a 15 minute walk to the escalators on Baixada de la Glòria which will take you up the hill.
- Take metro line 3 (green) and exit at the Lesseps stop. If you take this route you’ll have a long, steep walk uphill for 20-30 minutes until you get to the park.
- Take metro line 4 (yellow) to Alfons X stop. From there you can catch the free shuttle to the park entrance. The shuttle takes 15 minutes and you will need to show a ticket, so make sure to book online in advance if you choose to go this route.
Take bus line 24 . They recently cancelled the bus stop outside of the park, so get off at Ctra del Carmel – Albert Llanas and from there it is only a short walk (.12 miles / 200 meters) down to the entrance. The bus line begins at Plaza Catalunya and takes 40 minutes.
The Barcelona Tourist Bus is a hop-on hop-off style bus with stops at all of the popular tourist attractions in the city. If you’re taking the Blue Line or the Green Line, get off at the “Park Guell” stop.
For information and tickets for the Barcelona Tourist Bus click here.
PARK GUELL TICKETS
In order to access the most popular areas of the park where Gaudi’s work is located, you will need to purchase tickets into the Monumental Zone.
The park has limited capacity and tickets are reserved by time. You only have 30 minutes after your official entrance time to enter the park or your ticket becomes invalid and you will not be allowed to enter. For example if you book a ticket for a 10am entrance, you must enter before 10:30am.
It’s best to purchase your tickets online in advance so you can skip the line and ensure your visit.
You can purchase tickets on Park Guell’s website here.
GENERAL ADMISSION TICKET PRICES
Children (7-12): €7
Children (0-6): Free
Senior (65+): €4.90
People with Disabilities + Accompanying Person: €7
Guided tours are offered by the park for an additional charge. You can purchase tour tickets here, or through Viator here.
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The park is open 365 days a year. Due to COVID-19 the park hours have changed. Please check the official website to stay up to date on the most recent opening times and safety regulations.
NORMAL HOURS: 7am-11pm
CURRENT HOURS: 9:30am to 7:30pm
08024 Barcelona, España
PIN IT : A VISITOR’S GUIDE TO GAUDI’S PARK GUELL
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description, address, time and opening hours 2023
Like many other major attractions in Barcelona, Park Güell was created by the famous Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí. Now tourists and locals enjoy walking along the colorful streets of the park, but in fact, initially there should have been a residential complex here.
Carrer d’Olot, 5, 08024 Barcelona
Winter, autumn: 08:30 – 18:30. Spring: 08:00 – 20:30. May 1 – August 27: 08:00 – 21:30. August 28 – October 28: 08:00 – 20:30
Address: Carrer d’Olot, 5, 08024 Barcelona
Ticket Price: Entrance ticket only needed to enter the central part of the park. Ticket for adults – 8.50 euros
Children’s ticket: 6 euros
Children under 6 years old – free of charge
A difficult story
The park owes its name to an entrepreneur with the surname Güell. It was he who in 1900 decided to build a residential complex on the site of an uninhabited wasteland. He attracted Antonio Gaudi to the project and decided that everyone would want to own a house in a luxurious and eco-friendly area of Barcelona.
Entrance to the park. Photo: hola-espana.ru
But in fact, in 1914 the construction of the complex was suspended, as there were very few people who wanted to acquire housing here. People were not ready to live away from the city. But this place really liked Gaudi himself. He even bought a house here and lived in it for about 20 years.
After Eusebi Güell died, his heirs decided that the place, in the construction of which so much effort had been invested, should not be lost. That is why they offered to buy the park to the government of Barcelona. The government agreed to this deal, carried out the final construction work, and at 19In 26, Park Güell was officially opened to the public.
What the park is famous for
On an area of more than 17 hectares there is a whole city-garden. Walking on it is pure pleasure. Since Antonio Gaudi was involved in the construction of the park, you can see the handwriting of the master in everything here.
For example, you can walk on paths that look as natural as possible. Gaudi specifically forbade the workers to level them – this was done so that the natural mountainous relief was preserved by the paths.
The infrastructure blends in with the local nature. You will see how walls and pillars form tree trunks and you will be able to visit the real “Palace of Nature”, which can only be entered through a “carved” wall in the mountain.
If in the usual modern parks you can relax on benches or in gazebos, here, in addition to winding stone benches, everyone can hide from the sun in small caves. While you relax in the shade and admire the fountains, the children can play in the local playground.
Pay special attention to the stairs and parapet that lead to the terrace. Like many of Gaudí’s creations, they are adorned with shards of broken glass. But what is interesting is that all these fragments, by order of Gaudi, were mined by workers from the construction sites of other objects of the architect.
View from the terrace. Photo: zabugor. langaga.ru
Walking through the park you can see several houses. All of them were built as examples for potential buyers and are perfectly preserved. For example, Gaudi bought one of the houses for himself, and his friend bought the other. The customer of the project was not left without a home, entrepreneur Güell, who at 19In 10 he created a personal residence in the middle of the park.
After you have explored all the surroundings, you can visit Gaudí’s house, which has now become his museum.
Houses in the park. Photo: tournavigator.pro
How to get to Park Güell
You can get to the park by metro. Take line 3 and go to Lesseps station. Buses also run towards the park: No. 24, 31, 32, H6, 92 or Bus del barri 112 tourist bus.
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Park Güell, commissioned by the Catalan industrialist Eusebi Güell and designed by renowned architect Antonio Gaudí, is located in Barcelona. It was assumed that the park will decorate a piece of land that was purchased for development by private mansions. The work on the creation of the Park Güell entrusts his friend Antonio Gaudi, who plans and manages the project from 1900 to 1914. The work was carried out in three stages. First, the strengthening and arrangement of the slopes of the Lysaya Gora hill, on which the site was located, was completed. At the second stage, access roads were laid, entrance pavilions and walls surrounding the territory were built. In the center of the park, as a place of rest and meetings for future residents, a covered market was erected with a central esplanade, 86 corrugated columns and a flat roof, which was a vast terrace overlooking the city. A sample residential building was built to demonstrate to future buyers. At the last stage of construction, the famous winding bench was built. Two absolutely fabulous houses were built at the main entrance, one of which was intended for the administration of the park, the second – for the gatekeeper. The main staircase with fountains leads to the Hall of a Hundred Columns. At the bottom of the stairs, Gaudi placed his favorite character – a mosaic salamander, which visitors are sure to pat on the head. The middle platform is decorated with a medallion with a four-stripe Catalan flag and a snake’s head. On the upper terrace, which is the center of the entire park ensemble, there is a long bench, curved in the shape of a sea serpent. Its seats coincide with the outlines of the body of a seated person. To achieve this effect, Goody sat the worker on wet plaster and thus measured the curve of the back. The unique mosaic that decorates many of the park’s buildings was created by Josep Maria Jujol, a student of Antoni Gaudí. Walking paths and paths are laid from the central square of the park to different corners. Unfortunately, the project turned out to be unprofitable – only two plots were sold. One of two built houses in 19In 06, Gaudi himself acquires, in which he lived until 1925. Guell settled in the house, which was built as a model for buyers.